In the present study, a detailed thermodynamic model for an internal-reforming solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine (SOFC-GT) hybrid system integrated with a Rankine (steam) cycle is developed, and exergetic, economic and environmental analyses have been carried out on the plant. Considering the exergetic efficiency and the total cost rate of the system as conflicting objectives, a multi-objective optimization of the system is conducted to determine the optimal design point of the plant. A set of optimal solutions (Pareto front) is achieved, each of which is a trade-off between the chosen objectives. Finally, TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution) decision-making method is used to choose the final optimal design parameters. The results demonstrate that the final optimal design of the proposed plant leads to an exergetic efficiency of 65.11% and total cost rate of 0.13745 €/s. Furthermore, the optimization results reveal that the integration of the Rankine cycle with the SOFC-GT system has led to an 8.84% improvement in the total exergetic efficiency of the plant, producing additional 8439.2 MW h of electricity and avoiding ∼5900 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually.

Exergetic, Economic, and Environmental Evaluations and Multi-objective Optimization of an Internal-Reforming SOFC-Gas Turbine Cycle coupled with a Rankine Cycle

AMINYAVARI, MEHDI;NAJAFI, BEHZAD;RINALDI, FABIO
2016-01-01

Abstract

In the present study, a detailed thermodynamic model for an internal-reforming solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine (SOFC-GT) hybrid system integrated with a Rankine (steam) cycle is developed, and exergetic, economic and environmental analyses have been carried out on the plant. Considering the exergetic efficiency and the total cost rate of the system as conflicting objectives, a multi-objective optimization of the system is conducted to determine the optimal design point of the plant. A set of optimal solutions (Pareto front) is achieved, each of which is a trade-off between the chosen objectives. Finally, TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution) decision-making method is used to choose the final optimal design parameters. The results demonstrate that the final optimal design of the proposed plant leads to an exergetic efficiency of 65.11% and total cost rate of 0.13745 €/s. Furthermore, the optimization results reveal that the integration of the Rankine cycle with the SOFC-GT system has led to an 8.84% improvement in the total exergetic efficiency of the plant, producing additional 8439.2 MW h of electricity and avoiding ∼5900 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually.
2016
Economic, Exergy, Gas turbine, Multi-objective optimization, Rankine cycle, Solid oxide fuel cell
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Descrizione: Exergetic, Economic, and Environmental Evaluations and Multi-objective Optimization of an Internal-Reforming SOFC-Gas Turbine Cycle coupled with a Rankine Cycle
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/996941
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