Processing conditions have a strong effect on the final mechanical properties of products made of polymeric materials. Relevant phenomena most commonly include thermal stresses, physical ageing, frozen-in strains and molecular orientation. In this work, two different high-impact polystyrenes, processed by thermoforming, were considered: a “standard” one and a grade specifically resistant to Environmental Stress Cracking (ESC). The main effect induced by thermoforming was molecular orientation. The local degree of orientation was measured on a thermoformed product and its effect on the material ESC behavior in sunflower oil was studied. A Fracture Mechanics approach was applied to evaluate the fracture resistance of the two materials. Results show that a higher degree of orientation increases the fracture resistance in air but has no effect on the (expectedly lower) resistance in the active oil environment.

Effect of processing on the environmental stress cracking resistance of high-impact polystyrene

ANDENA, LUCA;RINK SUGAR, MARTA ELISABETH;MARANO, CLAUDIA;BRIATICO VANGOSA, FRANCESCO;
2016

Abstract

Processing conditions have a strong effect on the final mechanical properties of products made of polymeric materials. Relevant phenomena most commonly include thermal stresses, physical ageing, frozen-in strains and molecular orientation. In this work, two different high-impact polystyrenes, processed by thermoforming, were considered: a “standard” one and a grade specifically resistant to Environmental Stress Cracking (ESC). The main effect induced by thermoforming was molecular orientation. The local degree of orientation was measured on a thermoformed product and its effect on the material ESC behavior in sunflower oil was studied. A Fracture Mechanics approach was applied to evaluate the fracture resistance of the two materials. Results show that a higher degree of orientation increases the fracture resistance in air but has no effect on the (expectedly lower) resistance in the active oil environment.
Polystyrene; Environmental stress cracking; Processing; Fracture
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/994637
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