The possibility of substituting choline chloride in the well-known choline chloride/ethylene glycol deep eutectic solvent is studied in the article. The substitution with choline dihydrogencitrate gives the possibility tomaintain the choline moiety and to obtain an electrolyte free of chloride ions. Different ratios between choline dihydrogencitrate and ethylene glycol are tested to analyze the effect of this parameter on the behavior of the solution. Physical characterization and electrochemical investigation of the pure and the copper supplemented electrolytes are provided to properly link the chemistry of the electrolytes with their physical properties and their influence onmetal electroreduction. Fromthis point of view viscosity and conductivity of the new solutions are analyzed, highlighting a strong influence of the first on the possibility of good quality metal plating. Copper deposition is successfully attempted on nickel and the resulting coatings are analyzed bymean of SEM, hardness measurements, XRD and microprofilometry. Good quality coatings can be easily obtained from a choline dihydrogencitrate/ethylene glycol deep eutectic solvent presenting the ratio 1:4 between the two chemicals. The coatings produced are compared aswellwith their homologues obtained fromthe well characterized choline chloride/ethylene glycol system, showing equivalent quality.

Copper electrodeposition from a chloride free deep eutectic solvent

BERNASCONI, ROBERTO;MAGAGNIN, LUCA
2015

Abstract

The possibility of substituting choline chloride in the well-known choline chloride/ethylene glycol deep eutectic solvent is studied in the article. The substitution with choline dihydrogencitrate gives the possibility tomaintain the choline moiety and to obtain an electrolyte free of chloride ions. Different ratios between choline dihydrogencitrate and ethylene glycol are tested to analyze the effect of this parameter on the behavior of the solution. Physical characterization and electrochemical investigation of the pure and the copper supplemented electrolytes are provided to properly link the chemistry of the electrolytes with their physical properties and their influence onmetal electroreduction. Fromthis point of view viscosity and conductivity of the new solutions are analyzed, highlighting a strong influence of the first on the possibility of good quality metal plating. Copper deposition is successfully attempted on nickel and the resulting coatings are analyzed bymean of SEM, hardness measurements, XRD and microprofilometry. Good quality coatings can be easily obtained from a choline dihydrogencitrate/ethylene glycol deep eutectic solvent presenting the ratio 1:4 between the two chemicals. The coatings produced are compared aswellwith their homologues obtained fromthe well characterized choline chloride/ethylene glycol system, showing equivalent quality.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/987216
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