ABSTRACT: Among the dominant processes taking place in a river basin, especially mountain ones, sediments creation and transport play a key role in morphological processes. Studies usually focus on big mass movements, such as landslides and debris flows, or on wide spread slope erosion due to rainfalls, while bank erosion is neglected or not considered essential for sediment budget at basin scale. Nevertheless, authors consider bank erosion a process that deserve more careful studies; not only the sediment share from bank erosion is not negligible in steep mountain rivers, but also the process can threat structures on river sides due the possibility to have limited, but still significant, mass collapse of bank sections during intense events. The paper present an attempt to monitor bank erosion in a section of a river in Northern Italy Alps and to put it in relation with weather and water discharge. Survey campaign was set up at regular time intervals, or after particularly intense rainfalls, and uses a Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) to acquire the bank surface. The tool was developed internally, at Politecnico di Milano, to meet requirements about low cost level and good accuracy. Successive acquisitions of point clouds were elaborated, via an ad-hoc MatLab code, to determine erosion, or deposition, volumes of sediments. These volumetric results have been evaluated in relation with rainfalls and freeze-thaw cycles looking for a relationship between environmental conditions and bank failures. Some interesting results are shown, such as a relation between erosion rates and temperature or water flow in the river. The path to a complete process understanding and modelling is long, however the results reported can be considered a first step towards objective.

BANK EROSION AND INSTABILITY MONITORING WITH A LOW COST TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNER

BRAMBILLA, DAVIDE;LONGONI, LAURA;PAPINI, MONICA
2015-01-01

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Among the dominant processes taking place in a river basin, especially mountain ones, sediments creation and transport play a key role in morphological processes. Studies usually focus on big mass movements, such as landslides and debris flows, or on wide spread slope erosion due to rainfalls, while bank erosion is neglected or not considered essential for sediment budget at basin scale. Nevertheless, authors consider bank erosion a process that deserve more careful studies; not only the sediment share from bank erosion is not negligible in steep mountain rivers, but also the process can threat structures on river sides due the possibility to have limited, but still significant, mass collapse of bank sections during intense events. The paper present an attempt to monitor bank erosion in a section of a river in Northern Italy Alps and to put it in relation with weather and water discharge. Survey campaign was set up at regular time intervals, or after particularly intense rainfalls, and uses a Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) to acquire the bank surface. The tool was developed internally, at Politecnico di Milano, to meet requirements about low cost level and good accuracy. Successive acquisitions of point clouds were elaborated, via an ad-hoc MatLab code, to determine erosion, or deposition, volumes of sediments. These volumetric results have been evaluated in relation with rainfalls and freeze-thaw cycles looking for a relationship between environmental conditions and bank failures. Some interesting results are shown, such as a relation between erosion rates and temperature or water flow in the river. The path to a complete process understanding and modelling is long, however the results reported can be considered a first step towards objective.
Slope 2015
9786027196452
bank erosion, TLS, monitoring, river, erosion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/986170
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