In the last two decades there has been in-depth researches on informal settlements. These researches were focused both on the reasons of the phenomenon and of the possible intervention methodologies. This research treats the slum as an integrated part of the contemporary city. Slums are no more a temporary solution to the need of housing but they are becoming permanent. The phenomenon of informality, as solution of an urgent need of housing in an exponential growing economy and city, was present in different ages and was studied by architects and urbanists along the history of architecture. Slums are present in most of the developing countries. The choice of São Paulo, Brazil, was done because the city has invested on a deep research of the phenomenon and is making a strong effort to find a solution in the integration of the informal settlements in the urban fabric. In Brazil it was possible to find knowledge, materials, researches and an open mind on the subject. Through the help of the municipality of São Paulo, it was possible to choose an appropriate study area in order to identify an urban morphology and typology. The chosen area is a block in the Guapira II favela, in the Northern region of São Paulo. The neighborhood is called by its inhabitants Jardim Filhos da Terra. Following in the footsteps of Saverio Muratori in his Studies on the development of the city of Venice, the same method of analysis was carried out to investigate the number of 68 plots in the favela. In this survey more than plans and façades, the analysis of socioeconomic aspects and the history of the neighborhood, gave birth to hypothesis on how the buildings evolve through the time. This survey leaded to the project of two open spaces. These are two open-air ecumenic churches: an Afro-Brazilian and a Christian one.

Jardim Filhos da Terra

DEL BIANCO, CORINNA
2014

Abstract

In the last two decades there has been in-depth researches on informal settlements. These researches were focused both on the reasons of the phenomenon and of the possible intervention methodologies. This research treats the slum as an integrated part of the contemporary city. Slums are no more a temporary solution to the need of housing but they are becoming permanent. The phenomenon of informality, as solution of an urgent need of housing in an exponential growing economy and city, was present in different ages and was studied by architects and urbanists along the history of architecture. Slums are present in most of the developing countries. The choice of São Paulo, Brazil, was done because the city has invested on a deep research of the phenomenon and is making a strong effort to find a solution in the integration of the informal settlements in the urban fabric. In Brazil it was possible to find knowledge, materials, researches and an open mind on the subject. Through the help of the municipality of São Paulo, it was possible to choose an appropriate study area in order to identify an urban morphology and typology. The chosen area is a block in the Guapira II favela, in the Northern region of São Paulo. The neighborhood is called by its inhabitants Jardim Filhos da Terra. Following in the footsteps of Saverio Muratori in his Studies on the development of the city of Venice, the same method of analysis was carried out to investigate the number of 68 plots in the favela. In this survey more than plans and façades, the analysis of socioeconomic aspects and the history of the neighborhood, gave birth to hypothesis on how the buildings evolve through the time. This survey leaded to the project of two open spaces. These are two open-air ecumenic churches: an Afro-Brazilian and a Christian one.
Pacini Editore
978-88-6315-657-7
slums, são paulo, favelas, urban morphology, housing typology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/985669
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