The evolution of damage of a glass-concrete façade panel is presented and discussed. The phenomenon is strongly influenced by the mutual interaction between three materials (concrete, steel rebars and glass) having different mechanical and rheological properties. To assess the potential reasons of the observed damages, detailed 3D finite element numerical analyses were conducted considering the effects of thermal loads, due to difference of temperature between outside and inside the building, and the effects of concrete shrinkage. Furthermore, a construction stages analysis was implemented to consider the loading history during the production process of the panel. The analyses were performed both in linear elastic and non-linear conditions to assess the stress redistributions in the panel due to concrete cracking. In particular, the analyses showed that the shrinkage effect of concrete was the main reason of the observed damages. Finally, a parametric study is presented assuming different concrete joint sizes and different shrinkage laws, as a consequence of the addition of shrinkage-reducing admixtures (SRA). The results of this parametric study suggest interesting remarks about suitable design principles of glass-concrete façade panels.

Shrinkage and temperature effects in glass-concrete composite panels

CRESPI, PIETRO GIUSEPPE;BIOLZI, LUIGI;CATTANEO, SARA;GIORDANO, NICOLA
2015

Abstract

The evolution of damage of a glass-concrete façade panel is presented and discussed. The phenomenon is strongly influenced by the mutual interaction between three materials (concrete, steel rebars and glass) having different mechanical and rheological properties. To assess the potential reasons of the observed damages, detailed 3D finite element numerical analyses were conducted considering the effects of thermal loads, due to difference of temperature between outside and inside the building, and the effects of concrete shrinkage. Furthermore, a construction stages analysis was implemented to consider the loading history during the production process of the panel. The analyses were performed both in linear elastic and non-linear conditions to assess the stress redistributions in the panel due to concrete cracking. In particular, the analyses showed that the shrinkage effect of concrete was the main reason of the observed damages. Finally, a parametric study is presented assuming different concrete joint sizes and different shrinkage laws, as a consequence of the addition of shrinkage-reducing admixtures (SRA). The results of this parametric study suggest interesting remarks about suitable design principles of glass-concrete façade panels.
Advanced Building Skins
9783981205381
glass, concrete, composite panels, shrinkage, thermal loads, numerical model
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/981939
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