Studies on sirtuins (SIRT), a family of proteins with deacetylase activity, have provided convergent evidence of the key role of these enzymes in aging-linked physiological functions. The link between SIRT1 and longevity has emerged in model organism but few data are available in humans, in particular relying on longitudinal studies. Here, we assessed whether a genetic variant within SIRT1 gene promoter (rs12778366) was associated to human longevity. We analyzed 586 genomic DNA (gDNA) collected in the study "Treviso Longeva" (TRELONG), including elderly over 70 years of age from the municipality of Treviso, a town in the Northeast of Italy, with a 11-year follow-up. We genotyped SIRT1 rs12778366 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) allelic discrimination assay. A cross-sectional analysis performed by comparing people over and under 85 years of age did not evidence association between rs12778366 and longevity. When we performed a longitudinal analysis considering mortality as dependent variable, we did not observe an association of rs12778366 with longevity in the whole population (corrected P-value = 0.33). However, when we stratified the TRELONG subjects according to circulating level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a predictor of disability and mortality, we found that rs12778366 (TC+CC) carriers were at increased risk of mortality in comparison to the TT reference group (corrected P-value = 0.03, HR 1.47). Our data do not support a major role of rs12778366 in human longevity, but the stratified analysis on IL-6 suggests that this variant may be involved in the detrimental effect of high circulating IL-6 in the elderly.

The SIRT1 promoter polymorphic site rs12778366 increases IL-6 related human mortality in the prospective study “Treviso Longeva (TRELONG)”

BOERI, LUCIA;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Studies on sirtuins (SIRT), a family of proteins with deacetylase activity, have provided convergent evidence of the key role of these enzymes in aging-linked physiological functions. The link between SIRT1 and longevity has emerged in model organism but few data are available in humans, in particular relying on longitudinal studies. Here, we assessed whether a genetic variant within SIRT1 gene promoter (rs12778366) was associated to human longevity. We analyzed 586 genomic DNA (gDNA) collected in the study "Treviso Longeva" (TRELONG), including elderly over 70 years of age from the municipality of Treviso, a town in the Northeast of Italy, with a 11-year follow-up. We genotyped SIRT1 rs12778366 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) allelic discrimination assay. A cross-sectional analysis performed by comparing people over and under 85 years of age did not evidence association between rs12778366 and longevity. When we performed a longitudinal analysis considering mortality as dependent variable, we did not observe an association of rs12778366 with longevity in the whole population (corrected P-value = 0.33). However, when we stratified the TRELONG subjects according to circulating level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a predictor of disability and mortality, we found that rs12778366 (TC+CC) carriers were at increased risk of mortality in comparison to the TT reference group (corrected P-value = 0.03, HR 1.47). Our data do not support a major role of rs12778366 in human longevity, but the stratified analysis on IL-6 suggests that this variant may be involved in the detrimental effect of high circulating IL-6 in the elderly.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/980743
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