This work addresses the problem of characterizing the spatial field of soil particle-size distributions within a heterogeneous aquifer system. The medium is conceptualized as a composite system, characterized by spatially varying soil textural properties associated with diverse geomaterials. The heterogeneity of the system is modeled through an original hierarchical model for particle-size distributions that are here interpreted as points in the Bayes space of functional compositions. This theoretical framework allows performing spatial prediction of functional compositions through a functional compositional Class-Kriging predictor. To tackle the problem of lack of information arising when the spatial arrangement of soil types is unobserved, a novel clustering method is proposed, allowing to infer a grouping structure from sampled particle-size distributions. The proposed methodology enables one to project the complete information content embedded in the set of heterogeneous particle-size distributions to unsampled locations in the system. These developments are tested on a field application relying on a set of particle-size data observed within an alluvial aquifer in the Neckar river valley, in Germany.

A Class-Kriging predictor for Functional Compositions with Application to Particle-Size Curves in Heterogeneous Aquifers

MENAFOGLIO, ALESSANDRA;SECCHI, PIERCESARE;GUADAGNINI, ALBERTO
2016

Abstract

This work addresses the problem of characterizing the spatial field of soil particle-size distributions within a heterogeneous aquifer system. The medium is conceptualized as a composite system, characterized by spatially varying soil textural properties associated with diverse geomaterials. The heterogeneity of the system is modeled through an original hierarchical model for particle-size distributions that are here interpreted as points in the Bayes space of functional compositions. This theoretical framework allows performing spatial prediction of functional compositions through a functional compositional Class-Kriging predictor. To tackle the problem of lack of information arising when the spatial arrangement of soil types is unobserved, a novel clustering method is proposed, allowing to infer a grouping structure from sampled particle-size distributions. The proposed methodology enables one to project the complete information content embedded in the set of heterogeneous particle-size distributions to unsampled locations in the system. These developments are tested on a field application relying on a set of particle-size data observed within an alluvial aquifer in the Neckar river valley, in Germany.
Geostatistics · Functional compositions · Clustering · Particle-size curves · Groundwater · Hydrogeology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/977846
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