Network-on-Chip (NoC) is a flexible and scalable solution to interconnect multi-cores, with a strong influence on the performance of the whole chip. On-chip network affects also the overall power consumption, thus requiring accurate early-stage estimation and optimization methodologies. In this scenario, the Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling (DVFS) technique have been proposed both for CPUs and NoCs. The promise is to be a flexible and scalable way to jointly optimize power-performance, addressing both static and dynamic power sources. Being simulation a de-facto prime solution to explore novel multi-core architectures, a reliable full system analysis requires to integrate in the toolchain accurate timing and power models for the DVFS block and for the resynchronization logic between different Voltage and Frequency Islands (VFIs). In such a way, a more accurate validation of novel optimization methodologies which exploit such actuator is possible, since both architectural and actuator overheads are considered at the same time. This work proposes a complete cycle accurate framework for multi-core design supporting Global Asynchronous Local Synchronous (GALS) NoC design and DVFS actuators for the NoC. Furthermore, static and dynamic frequency assignment is possible with or without the use of the voltage regulator. The proposed framework sits on accurate analytical timing model and SPICE-based power measures, providing accurate estimates of both timing and power overheads of the power control mechanisms.

A DVFS Cycle Accurate Simulation Framework with Asynchronous NoC Design for Power-Performance Optimizations

ZONI, DAVIDE;TERRANEO, FEDERICO;FORNACIARI, WILLIAM
2016-01-01

Abstract

Network-on-Chip (NoC) is a flexible and scalable solution to interconnect multi-cores, with a strong influence on the performance of the whole chip. On-chip network affects also the overall power consumption, thus requiring accurate early-stage estimation and optimization methodologies. In this scenario, the Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling (DVFS) technique have been proposed both for CPUs and NoCs. The promise is to be a flexible and scalable way to jointly optimize power-performance, addressing both static and dynamic power sources. Being simulation a de-facto prime solution to explore novel multi-core architectures, a reliable full system analysis requires to integrate in the toolchain accurate timing and power models for the DVFS block and for the resynchronization logic between different Voltage and Frequency Islands (VFIs). In such a way, a more accurate validation of novel optimization methodologies which exploit such actuator is possible, since both architectural and actuator overheads are considered at the same time. This work proposes a complete cycle accurate framework for multi-core design supporting Global Asynchronous Local Synchronous (GALS) NoC design and DVFS actuators for the NoC. Furthermore, static and dynamic frequency assignment is possible with or without the use of the voltage regulator. The proposed framework sits on accurate analytical timing model and SPICE-based power measures, providing accurate estimates of both timing and power overheads of the power control mechanisms.
DVFS, GALS, Multi-cores, Network-on-Chip, Simulation, multicore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/976752
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