Traditionally, in vitro investigations on biology and physiology of cells rely on averaging the responses eliciting from heterogeneous cell populations, thus being unsuitable for assessing individual cell behaviors in response to external stimulations. In the last years, great interest has thus been focused on single cell analysis and screening, which represents a promising tool aiming at pursuing the direct and deterministic control over cause-effect relationships guiding cell behavior. In this regard, a high-throughput microfluidic platform for trapping and culturing adherent single cells was presented. A single cell trapping mechanism was implemented based on dynamic variation of fluidic resistances. A round-shaped culture chamber (Φ = 250 µm, h = 25 µm) was conceived presenting two connections with a main fluidic path: (i) an upper wide opening, and (ii) a bottom trapping junction which modulates the hydraulic resistance. Starting from eight different layouts, the chamber geometry was computationally optimized for maximizing the single cell trapping efficacy and then integrated in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic device. The final platform consists in (i) 288 chambers for trapping single cells organized in six culture units, independently addressable through the lines of (ii) a chaotic-mixer based serial dilution generator (SDG), designed for creating spatio-temporally controlled patterns of both soluble factors and non-diffusive particles. The device was experimentally validated by trapping polystyrene microspheres, featuring diameters comparable to cell size (Φ = 10 µm).

Design of a microfluidic strategy for trapping and screening single cells

OCCHETTA, PAOLA;REDAELLI, ALBERTO CESARE LUIGI;RASPONI, MARCO
2016

Abstract

Traditionally, in vitro investigations on biology and physiology of cells rely on averaging the responses eliciting from heterogeneous cell populations, thus being unsuitable for assessing individual cell behaviors in response to external stimulations. In the last years, great interest has thus been focused on single cell analysis and screening, which represents a promising tool aiming at pursuing the direct and deterministic control over cause-effect relationships guiding cell behavior. In this regard, a high-throughput microfluidic platform for trapping and culturing adherent single cells was presented. A single cell trapping mechanism was implemented based on dynamic variation of fluidic resistances. A round-shaped culture chamber (Φ = 250 µm, h = 25 µm) was conceived presenting two connections with a main fluidic path: (i) an upper wide opening, and (ii) a bottom trapping junction which modulates the hydraulic resistance. Starting from eight different layouts, the chamber geometry was computationally optimized for maximizing the single cell trapping efficacy and then integrated in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic device. The final platform consists in (i) 288 chambers for trapping single cells organized in six culture units, independently addressable through the lines of (ii) a chaotic-mixer based serial dilution generator (SDG), designed for creating spatio-temporally controlled patterns of both soluble factors and non-diffusive particles. The device was experimentally validated by trapping polystyrene microspheres, featuring diameters comparable to cell size (Φ = 10 µm).
Chaotic mixing; High-throughput screening; Microfluidics; Single cell; Biomedical Engineering; Biophysics
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/972497
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact