This paper reports an experimental investigation on the dynamics of turbulent unconfined swirling flows. Isothermal free swirling jets with five different swirl numbers (S) and fixed Reynolds number (Re = 21800) are investigated to analyze the effect of swirl intensity on the recirculation, vortex breakdown and the occurrence of the precession vortex core (PVC) by means of 3C-2D Stereoscopic Particle image velocimetry (PIV). The contours and radial profiles of mean axial velocity confirmed the central recirculation zone (CRZ) for high swirl number. The importance of central recirculation zone is to ensure a good mixing of air/ fuel and combustion products and to generate a low velocity region for flame stabilization. Results shows that swirl intensity increases the backflow rate in the recirculation zone and jet spreads almost linearly with a higher spread rate as compared to non swirling flow. The frequency characteristics have been measured with a capacitive microphone. The frequency spectrum indicates the presence of periodic oscillation related to the existence of PVC. The Strouhal number associated with the frequency of the PVC vary almost linearly with swirl intensity.

AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON ISOTHERMAL FREE SWIRLING JET

COZZI, FABIO;SHARMA, ROHIT;COGHE, ALDO SEBASTIANO;
2015

Abstract

This paper reports an experimental investigation on the dynamics of turbulent unconfined swirling flows. Isothermal free swirling jets with five different swirl numbers (S) and fixed Reynolds number (Re = 21800) are investigated to analyze the effect of swirl intensity on the recirculation, vortex breakdown and the occurrence of the precession vortex core (PVC) by means of 3C-2D Stereoscopic Particle image velocimetry (PIV). The contours and radial profiles of mean axial velocity confirmed the central recirculation zone (CRZ) for high swirl number. The importance of central recirculation zone is to ensure a good mixing of air/ fuel and combustion products and to generate a low velocity region for flame stabilization. Results shows that swirl intensity increases the backflow rate in the recirculation zone and jet spreads almost linearly with a higher spread rate as compared to non swirling flow. The frequency characteristics have been measured with a capacitive microphone. The frequency spectrum indicates the presence of periodic oscillation related to the existence of PVC. The Strouhal number associated with the frequency of the PVC vary almost linearly with swirl intensity.
PROCEEDINGS of the XXXVIII Meeting of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute
978-88-88104-25-6
Swirl Flow, Stereo-PIV, Vortex breakdown, Precessing Vortex Core
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/971602
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