Cationic polymers are amongst the most utilized non-viral vectors for gene transfer owing to their ability to condense and protect the genetic material within polyplexes and to ferry it into cells. Quite a number of parameters, both related to the features of the vectors themselves (e.g. degree of branching, molecular weight, polydispersity) and to polyplexes (e.g. nitrogen to phosphate ratio (N/P), dose of complexes delivered, complexation buffer, etc.), are known to affect transfection behaviour. Consequently, some substantial discrepancy found in raw materials and in-home protocols across laboratories account for some disagreement and conflicting data about their performance. Hereinafter we provide a thorough chemical-physical and in vitro biochemical characterization, comparison, and optimization of the most widely used, commercially sourced polymers used in transfection, namely linear polyethylenimines (lPEIs), branched PEIs (bPEIs), linear poly-L-lysines (lPLLs), and polyamidoamine dendrimers (dPAMAMs). By means of a stepwise approach, we pinpointed the most effective molecular weight and complexation conditions specific to each of them and correlated the physicochemical features of polyplexes with their transfection effectiveness. Besides, taking separately into account the effects on transfection of the plasmid dose delivered to cells, the cell seeding density and the volume of the culture medium, we highlited a range of optimal conditions roughly specific to each studied polymer. Finally, we coped with the effect of the variation of these three parameters at once on the transfection effectiveness of lPEI and bPEI and pinpointed an array of settings specifically optimized to attain truly superior performances.

Comparative evaluation and optimization of off-the-shelf cationic polymers for gene delivery purposes

MAGAGNIN, LUCA;DE NARDO, LUIGI;TALLARITA, ELENA;CANDIANI, GABRIELE
2015-01-01

Abstract

Cationic polymers are amongst the most utilized non-viral vectors for gene transfer owing to their ability to condense and protect the genetic material within polyplexes and to ferry it into cells. Quite a number of parameters, both related to the features of the vectors themselves (e.g. degree of branching, molecular weight, polydispersity) and to polyplexes (e.g. nitrogen to phosphate ratio (N/P), dose of complexes delivered, complexation buffer, etc.), are known to affect transfection behaviour. Consequently, some substantial discrepancy found in raw materials and in-home protocols across laboratories account for some disagreement and conflicting data about their performance. Hereinafter we provide a thorough chemical-physical and in vitro biochemical characterization, comparison, and optimization of the most widely used, commercially sourced polymers used in transfection, namely linear polyethylenimines (lPEIs), branched PEIs (bPEIs), linear poly-L-lysines (lPLLs), and polyamidoamine dendrimers (dPAMAMs). By means of a stepwise approach, we pinpointed the most effective molecular weight and complexation conditions specific to each of them and correlated the physicochemical features of polyplexes with their transfection effectiveness. Besides, taking separately into account the effects on transfection of the plasmid dose delivered to cells, the cell seeding density and the volume of the culture medium, we highlited a range of optimal conditions roughly specific to each studied polymer. Finally, we coped with the effect of the variation of these three parameters at once on the transfection effectiveness of lPEI and bPEI and pinpointed an array of settings specifically optimized to attain truly superior performances.
Polymers and Plastics; Organic Chemistry; Biochemistry; Biomedical Engineering; Bioengineering
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
c5py00915d.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 2.92 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.92 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/970532
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 27
social impact