The triplet N,N-dimethylaminophenyl cation, a highly reactive but chemospecific electrophile, has been used as a probe for characterizing the properties of reaction media for a series of imidazolium ILs. With the Nhexyl- N-methyl imidazolium derivatives (not with the N-butyl analogues), hydrogen transfer leading to the aniline was the main process. Trapping by iodide occurred with an inverse dependence on viscosity. Trapping by p nucleophiles exhibited a more complex behavior. This was explained by the effect of both the bulk viscosity and the structure of the IL cation on both steps of the reaction, namely, initial electrophilic attack and ensuing cation elimination or nucleophile addition. However, with an excellent nucleophile, such as thiophene, or when the latter step was intramolecular, as with 4-pentenol, the difference was obliterated and trapping became uniform. Incorporation of the probe into the IL cation (through insertion into the CH bond a to the imidazolium ring) was demonstrated, while no addition to the anion tested (including bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide)) took place.

Characterizing ionic liquids as reaction media through a chemical probe

DICHIARANTE, VALENTINA;
2007

Abstract

The triplet N,N-dimethylaminophenyl cation, a highly reactive but chemospecific electrophile, has been used as a probe for characterizing the properties of reaction media for a series of imidazolium ILs. With the Nhexyl- N-methyl imidazolium derivatives (not with the N-butyl analogues), hydrogen transfer leading to the aniline was the main process. Trapping by iodide occurred with an inverse dependence on viscosity. Trapping by p nucleophiles exhibited a more complex behavior. This was explained by the effect of both the bulk viscosity and the structure of the IL cation on both steps of the reaction, namely, initial electrophilic attack and ensuing cation elimination or nucleophile addition. However, with an excellent nucleophile, such as thiophene, or when the latter step was intramolecular, as with 4-pentenol, the difference was obliterated and trapping became uniform. Incorporation of the probe into the IL cation (through insertion into the CH bond a to the imidazolium ring) was demonstrated, while no addition to the anion tested (including bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide)) took place.
C-C coupling; Cations; Ionic liquids; Photochemistry; Solvent effects; Chemistry (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/970207
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