Rack systems to store goods and products are one of the most important applications for thin-walled cold-formed steel members. Adjustable pallet racks are used widely worldwide and are characterized by regular systems of perforations along the uprights (i.e. vertical members) to connect easily pallet beams and diagonal members forming the skeleton frame. Design rules are based on the well-established approaches for the more traditional solid members, suitably extended to account for the presence of regular perforations via component tests accurately described in rack specifications. This paper focuses on the performance of isolated uprights under axial load and gradient moment. In particular, three European alternatives to design beam-column rack members have been discussed and applied: the first and the second are traditionally used for thin-walled cold-formed steel members while the latter, the so-called general method of Eurocode 3 part 1-1, allows to take directly into account the key features associated with upright response. The geometry of the cross-sections and of their perforation system, the member slenderness and the load condition has been assumed as parameters of this study. Research outcomes demonstrate that the predicted performances can result significantly different, reflecting directly on the weight and the cost of the whole storage system. Furthermore, numerical analyses and design calculations show that standard codes need urgent revisions, leading in few cases to design beam-columns from the unsafe side

European alternatives to design perforated thin-walled cold-formed beam-columns for steel storage systems

BERNUZZI, CLAUDIO;
2015

Abstract

Rack systems to store goods and products are one of the most important applications for thin-walled cold-formed steel members. Adjustable pallet racks are used widely worldwide and are characterized by regular systems of perforations along the uprights (i.e. vertical members) to connect easily pallet beams and diagonal members forming the skeleton frame. Design rules are based on the well-established approaches for the more traditional solid members, suitably extended to account for the presence of regular perforations via component tests accurately described in rack specifications. This paper focuses on the performance of isolated uprights under axial load and gradient moment. In particular, three European alternatives to design beam-column rack members have been discussed and applied: the first and the second are traditionally used for thin-walled cold-formed steel members while the latter, the so-called general method of Eurocode 3 part 1-1, allows to take directly into account the key features associated with upright response. The geometry of the cross-sections and of their perforation system, the member slenderness and the load condition has been assumed as parameters of this study. Research outcomes demonstrate that the predicted performances can result significantly different, reflecting directly on the weight and the cost of the whole storage system. Furthermore, numerical analyses and design calculations show that standard codes need urgent revisions, leading in few cases to design beam-columns from the unsafe side
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/958390
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