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|Titolo:||Influence of sudden contractions on in situ volume fractions for oil–water flows in horizontal pipes|
|Autori interni:||COLOMBO, LUIGI PIETRO MARIA|
GUILIZZONI, MANFREDO GHERARDO
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND FLUID FLOW|
|Abstract:||Oil–water two-phase flow experiments were conducted in horizontal ducts made of Plexiglas® to determine the in situ oil fraction (holdup) by means of the closing valves technique, using mineral oil (viscosity: 0.838 Pa s at 20 °C; density: 890 kg m−3) and tap water. The ducts present sudden contractions from 50 mm to 40 mm i.d. and from 50 mm to 30 mm i.d., with contraction ratios of 0.64 and 0.36, respectively. About 200–320 tests were performed by varying the flow rates of the phases. Flow patterns were investigated for both the up- and downstream pipe in order to assess whether relevant variations of the flow patterns across the sudden contraction take place. Data were then compared with predictions of a specific correlation for oil–water flow and some correlations for gas–water flow. A drift-flux model was also applied to determine the distribution parameter.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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