Classifying the type of damage occurring within a structure using a structural health monitoring system can allow the end user to assess what kind of repairs, if any, that a component requires. This paper investigates the use of acoustic emission (AE) to locate and classify the type of damage occurring in a composite, carbon fibre panel during buckling. The damage was first located using a bespoke location algorithm developed at Cardiff University, called delta-T mapping. Signals identified as coming from the regions of damage were then analysed using three AE classification techniques; artificial neural network (ANN) analysis, unsupervised waveform clustering (UWC) and corrected measured amplitude ratio (MAR). A comparison of results yielded by these techniques shows a strong agreement regarding the nature of the damage present in the panel, with the signals assigned to two different damage mechanisms, believed to be delamination and matrix cracking. Ultrasonic C-scan images and a digital image correlation (DIC) analysis of the buckled panel were used as validation. MAR's ability to reveal the orientation of recorded signals greatly assisted the identification of the delamination region, however, ANN and UWC have the ability to group signals into several different classes, which would prove useful in instances where several damage mechanisms were generated. Combining each technique's individual merits in a multi-technique analysis dramatically improved the reliability of the AE investigation and it is thought that this cross-correlation between techniques will also be the key to developing a reliable SHM system.

Damage classification in carbon fibre composites using acoustic emission: A comparison of three techniques

CRIVELLI, DAVIDE;GUAGLIANO, MARIO;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Classifying the type of damage occurring within a structure using a structural health monitoring system can allow the end user to assess what kind of repairs, if any, that a component requires. This paper investigates the use of acoustic emission (AE) to locate and classify the type of damage occurring in a composite, carbon fibre panel during buckling. The damage was first located using a bespoke location algorithm developed at Cardiff University, called delta-T mapping. Signals identified as coming from the regions of damage were then analysed using three AE classification techniques; artificial neural network (ANN) analysis, unsupervised waveform clustering (UWC) and corrected measured amplitude ratio (MAR). A comparison of results yielded by these techniques shows a strong agreement regarding the nature of the damage present in the panel, with the signals assigned to two different damage mechanisms, believed to be delamination and matrix cracking. Ultrasonic C-scan images and a digital image correlation (DIC) analysis of the buckled panel were used as validation. MAR's ability to reveal the orientation of recorded signals greatly assisted the identification of the delamination region, however, ANN and UWC have the ability to group signals into several different classes, which would prove useful in instances where several damage mechanisms were generated. Combining each technique's individual merits in a multi-technique analysis dramatically improved the reliability of the AE investigation and it is thought that this cross-correlation between techniques will also be the key to developing a reliable SHM system.
2015
A. Carbon fibre; B. Buckling; C Damage mechanics; D Acoustic emission
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/890355
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