The intentional or accidental cutting of thin shell structures by means of a sharp object is of interest in many engineering applications. The process of cutting involves several types of nonlinearities, such as large deformations, contact, crack propagation and, in the case of laminated shells, delamination. In addition to these, a special difficulty is represented by the blade sharpness, whose accurate geometric resolution would require meshes with characteristic size of the order of the blade curvature radius. A computational finite element approach for the simulation of blade cutting of thin shells is proposed and discussed. The approach is developed in an explicit dynamics framework. Solid-shell elements are used for the discretization, in view of possible future inclusion in the model of delamination processes. Since a sharp blade can interfere with the transmission of cohesive forces between the crack flanks in the cohesive process zone, standard cohesive interface elements are not suited for the simulation of this type of problems unless extremely fine meshes, with characteristic size comparable to the blade curvature radius, are used. To circumvent the problem, the use of a new type of directional cohesive interface element, previously proposed for the simulation of crack propagation in elastic shells, is further developed and reformulated for application to the cutting of elastoplastic thin structures, discretized by solid-shell elements. The proposed approach is validated by means of application to several cutting problems of engineering interest.

Explicit dynamics simulation of blade cutting of thin elastoplastic shells using "directional" cohesive elements in solid-shell finite element models

PAGANI, MARA;PEREGO, UMBERTO
2015

Abstract

The intentional or accidental cutting of thin shell structures by means of a sharp object is of interest in many engineering applications. The process of cutting involves several types of nonlinearities, such as large deformations, contact, crack propagation and, in the case of laminated shells, delamination. In addition to these, a special difficulty is represented by the blade sharpness, whose accurate geometric resolution would require meshes with characteristic size of the order of the blade curvature radius. A computational finite element approach for the simulation of blade cutting of thin shells is proposed and discussed. The approach is developed in an explicit dynamics framework. Solid-shell elements are used for the discretization, in view of possible future inclusion in the model of delamination processes. Since a sharp blade can interfere with the transmission of cohesive forces between the crack flanks in the cohesive process zone, standard cohesive interface elements are not suited for the simulation of this type of problems unless extremely fine meshes, with characteristic size comparable to the blade curvature radius, are used. To circumvent the problem, the use of a new type of directional cohesive interface element, previously proposed for the simulation of crack propagation in elastic shells, is further developed and reformulated for application to the cutting of elastoplastic thin structures, discretized by solid-shell elements. The proposed approach is validated by means of application to several cutting problems of engineering interest.
cutting; Solid-Shell Elements; Explicit dynamics; crack propagation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/884365
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