The use of wireless technologies for critical surveillance and home automation introduces a number of opportunities as well as technological challenges. New emerging technologies give the opportunity to exploit the full potential of the internet of things paradigm by augmenting existing wired installations with smart wireless architectures. This work gives an overview of requirements, characteristics, and challenges of wireless home automation networks with special focus on intrusion detection systems. The proposed wireless network is based on several sensors that are deployed over a monitored area for detecting possible risky situations and triggering appropriate actions in response. The network needs to support critical traffic patterns with different characteristics and quality constraints. Namely, it should provide a periodic low-power monitoring service and, in case of intrusion detection, a real-time alarm propagation mechanism over inherently unreliable wireless links subject to fluctuations of the signal power. Following the guidelines introduced by recent standardization, this paper proposes the design of a wireless network prototype at 868 MHz which is able to satisfy the specifications of typical intrusion detection applications. A proprietary medium access control is developed based on the low-power SimpliciTI radio stack (Texas Instruments Incorporated, San Diego, CA, USA). Network performance is assessed by experimental measurements using a test-bed in an indoor office environment with severe multipath and nonline-of-sight propagation conditions. The measurement campaigns highlight the potential of the sub-GHz technology for cable replacing.

Wireless home automation networks for indoor surveillance: technologies and experiments

SAVAZZI, STEFANO;NICOLI, MONICA BARBARA
2014-01-01

Abstract

The use of wireless technologies for critical surveillance and home automation introduces a number of opportunities as well as technological challenges. New emerging technologies give the opportunity to exploit the full potential of the internet of things paradigm by augmenting existing wired installations with smart wireless architectures. This work gives an overview of requirements, characteristics, and challenges of wireless home automation networks with special focus on intrusion detection systems. The proposed wireless network is based on several sensors that are deployed over a monitored area for detecting possible risky situations and triggering appropriate actions in response. The network needs to support critical traffic patterns with different characteristics and quality constraints. Namely, it should provide a periodic low-power monitoring service and, in case of intrusion detection, a real-time alarm propagation mechanism over inherently unreliable wireless links subject to fluctuations of the signal power. Following the guidelines introduced by recent standardization, this paper proposes the design of a wireless network prototype at 868 MHz which is able to satisfy the specifications of typical intrusion detection applications. A proprietary medium access control is developed based on the low-power SimpliciTI radio stack (Texas Instruments Incorporated, San Diego, CA, USA). Network performance is assessed by experimental measurements using a test-bed in an indoor office environment with severe multipath and nonline-of-sight propagation conditions. The measurement campaigns highlight the potential of the sub-GHz technology for cable replacing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/865746
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