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|Titolo:||Comparison of linear and point focus collectors in solar power plants|
|Autori interni:||BINOTTI, MARCO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Abstract:||Solar tower based plants are seen as a promising technology to reduce the cost of electricity from solar radiation. This paper assesses the design and overall yearly performances of two different solar tower concepts featuring two commercial plants running in Spain. The first plant investigated is based on Direct Steam Generation and a cavity receiver (PS-10 type). The second plant considers an external cylindrical receiver with molten salts as heat transfer fluid and storage system (Gemasolar type). About the optical assessment performed with DELSOL3, a calibration of heliostat aim points was performed to match available flux maps on the receiver. Moving to results, the PS-10 type has higher optical performances both nominal design and yearly average. This is due both to the field size and orientation which guarantee a higher efficiency and to the receiver concept itself. About power production, the molten salts allow higher temperature and consequently conversion efficiency than PS-10. The solar-to-electricity efficiency is equal to 18.7% vs. 16.4% of DSG cavity plant. The obtained results are strictly related to the set of assumptions made on each plant component: when available real plant data where used. The two solar tower plants results were also compared to corresponding commercial linear focus plants featuring the same power block concept. Gemasolar type shows a higher solar-to-electricity efficiency compared to a parabolic trough plant with storage (18.7% vs. 15.4%) because of the higher maximum temperatures and, consequently, power block efficiency. PS-10 is better than a linear Fresnel DSG (16.4% vs. 10.4%) because of the higher optical performances.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.3 Poster|
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