Two-phase flows of viscous oil and water through singularities such as sudden area contractions/expansions have been taken into limited consideration in the relevant scientific literature. Nevertheless, they play a role of primary importance in industrial systems, for instance, but not only, in the exploitation of oil wells and pipelines. The proposed work is based on the comparison of photographic images of the flow patterns taken from three points of view, i.e. upper, lower and frontal, thanks to a couple of mirrors ???45° inclined with respect to the horizontal plane. Oil-water flow regimes have been observed both upward and downward of five horizontal test sections with area contractions d/D = 40/50, 30/50, 30/40, respectively. The observed structures of the oil-water interface, especially for core-annular flows, has suggested also detecting flow patterns in a 30 mm straight pipe for sake of comparison. Actually, the shape of the oil-core interface appears significantly influenced by the sharp-edged area change as well as by the expected momentum variation.

A detailed characterization of viscous oil-water flows downward sudden contractions in horizontal pipes

COLOMBO, LUIGI PIETRO MARIA;GUILIZZONI, MANFREDO GHERARDO;SOTGIA, GIORGIO MARCO
2014

Abstract

Two-phase flows of viscous oil and water through singularities such as sudden area contractions/expansions have been taken into limited consideration in the relevant scientific literature. Nevertheless, they play a role of primary importance in industrial systems, for instance, but not only, in the exploitation of oil wells and pipelines. The proposed work is based on the comparison of photographic images of the flow patterns taken from three points of view, i.e. upper, lower and frontal, thanks to a couple of mirrors ???45° inclined with respect to the horizontal plane. Oil-water flow regimes have been observed both upward and downward of five horizontal test sections with area contractions d/D = 40/50, 30/50, 30/40, respectively. The observed structures of the oil-water interface, especially for core-annular flows, has suggested also detecting flow patterns in a 30 mm straight pipe for sake of comparison. Actually, the shape of the oil-core interface appears significantly influenced by the sharp-edged area change as well as by the expected momentum variation.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 32nd Italian Union of Thermo-Fluid-Dynamics Heat Transfer Conference, UIT 2014
Two-phase flow
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/828938
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