Frequency stability in power systems is a key driver for the maintenance of supply quality. Thermal loads, if properly managed, can play an important role in providing support to the frequency regulation. In this framework, the paper presents a control strategy to enable a load aggregator to manage a set of building cooling systems to contribute both to primary and secondary regulation. The proposed strategy uses the Model Predictive Control approach. Frequency support is provided without compromising the natural mission of the controlled loads, i.e., the end-user thermal comfort. The introduced method is tested by means of software-in-the-loop simulation studies. The implemented testing framework emulates real-time operation of a building aggregate within a benchmark network with high penetration of wind generation. Results show the ability of the control algorithm to optimally coordinate the contribution of thermal loads both to primary and secondary frequency regulation.

Frequency Regulation by Management of Building Cooling Systems through Model Predictive Control

GRILLO, SAMUELE;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Frequency stability in power systems is a key driver for the maintenance of supply quality. Thermal loads, if properly managed, can play an important role in providing support to the frequency regulation. In this framework, the paper presents a control strategy to enable a load aggregator to manage a set of building cooling systems to contribute both to primary and secondary regulation. The proposed strategy uses the Model Predictive Control approach. Frequency support is provided without compromising the natural mission of the controlled loads, i.e., the end-user thermal comfort. The introduced method is tested by means of software-in-the-loop simulation studies. The implemented testing framework emulates real-time operation of a building aggregate within a benchmark network with high penetration of wind generation. Results show the ability of the control algorithm to optimally coordinate the contribution of thermal loads both to primary and secondary frequency regulation.
Proceedings of the 18th Power Systems Computation Conference
9788393580132
model prective control; demand control; primary frequency control; secondary frequency control; ancillary services; elettrici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/818323
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