Biomass-derived energy sources are rising their importance since both public opinion and legislation are currently calling for a sustainable development. Biogas is an energy source which can come from municipal sewage sludge digestion thus coupling the advantages of being a renewable energy source and of allowing a smart waste reutilization. In order to fully exploit the biogas potential as vehicle fuel or natural gas substitute, biogas itself must be treated in order to obtain biomethane. Biogas upgrading, i.e., the treatment for CO2 removal, can be performed by several techniques, each one characterised by a different energy demand. Since no clear guidelines are given in literature for choosing among different biogas upgrading processes, this work presents a quantitative analysis, from an energy view point, of water scrubbing, MEA (monoethanolamine) scrubbing, and MDEA (methyldiethanolamine) scrubbing when applied to obtain biomethane from municipal sewage sludge-derived biogas. Heat and electrical power consumptions of each of the above mentioned processes have been obtained by means of process simulation with commercial packages (such as Aspen Plus®). The aim of the work is the energetic comparison among these different techniques. Such a comparison can help in assessing the impact of the biogas purification step on the energy balance of the whole biomethane production process.

Energy analysis of different municipal sewage sludge-derived biogas upgrading techniques

GAMBA, SIMONE;PELLEGRINI, LAURA ANNAMARIA;LANGE', STEFANO
2014

Abstract

Biomass-derived energy sources are rising their importance since both public opinion and legislation are currently calling for a sustainable development. Biogas is an energy source which can come from municipal sewage sludge digestion thus coupling the advantages of being a renewable energy source and of allowing a smart waste reutilization. In order to fully exploit the biogas potential as vehicle fuel or natural gas substitute, biogas itself must be treated in order to obtain biomethane. Biogas upgrading, i.e., the treatment for CO2 removal, can be performed by several techniques, each one characterised by a different energy demand. Since no clear guidelines are given in literature for choosing among different biogas upgrading processes, this work presents a quantitative analysis, from an energy view point, of water scrubbing, MEA (monoethanolamine) scrubbing, and MDEA (methyldiethanolamine) scrubbing when applied to obtain biomethane from municipal sewage sludge-derived biogas. Heat and electrical power consumptions of each of the above mentioned processes have been obtained by means of process simulation with commercial packages (such as Aspen Plus®). The aim of the work is the energetic comparison among these different techniques. Such a comparison can help in assessing the impact of the biogas purification step on the energy balance of the whole biomethane production process.
Chemical Engineering Transactions
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/812918
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