Why? The need to create spaces and places with greater freedom, while using traditional constructions systems such as hollow bricks. A new technique that allows the creation of horizontal and vertical planes that melt in complex forms and that can be molded according personal requirements. What is it? The innovation that we present is in fact a moldable masonry wall in two different sizes in order to create walls with an original and exceptional value, which also combine ordinary building requirements. Modellable wall uses "poor" materials and is easy to mount allowing in a short time and with relatively low costs, both walls, ceilings and coverings in unusual and personalized forms. How does it work? The requirements in terms of mechanical resistance are satisfied by the presence of an internal structure. This skeleton includes the classic bricks, which are laid in accordance with the desired development and solidarized simply with mortar. In fact, transverse forces (e.g. due to the impact of a body or those induced by an earthquake) when acting in the direction of the surface convexity are collected by this internal structure and transferred to the floor plan. Technical data and usage limits: The mounting constraints derive from the bricks dimensions. The basic "standard" module is a 3 meters high by 2.5 meters long wall, allowing an eccentricity (between the wall top and the base) of about 75 cm, resulting from the need to have a minimum of brick overlapping for static reasons. Basic modules can be merged, or connected to a perpendicular wall. Stiffeners should be placed on the sides of the openings (doors). In areas of high seismicity is advisable to avoid multiple curvatures in the plant and use the Modellable Wall system in rectilinear segments. The maximum resistance is obtained with a rectilinear development or at most with single curvature in the horizontal plane. On the vertical development instead, the system allows to obtain concavity and convexity in elevation allowing, at the same, mechanical resistance also with double curvatures. The starting (vertical sections) of the wall can be shaped as desired, or can be arranged at an angle with the vertical. With adequate study of the hardware and providing appropriate tie, by turning the system of 90 °, or placing it in the horizontal plane, ceilings and light coatings can be achieved also. This application, as well as the use of the system as an earth-bearing wall or with high horizontal thrusts, requires special adaptations and further verifications and calculations.

Muratura sagomabile

MARTINELLI, LUCA
2013

Abstract

Why? The need to create spaces and places with greater freedom, while using traditional constructions systems such as hollow bricks. A new technique that allows the creation of horizontal and vertical planes that melt in complex forms and that can be molded according personal requirements. What is it? The innovation that we present is in fact a moldable masonry wall in two different sizes in order to create walls with an original and exceptional value, which also combine ordinary building requirements. Modellable wall uses "poor" materials and is easy to mount allowing in a short time and with relatively low costs, both walls, ceilings and coverings in unusual and personalized forms. How does it work? The requirements in terms of mechanical resistance are satisfied by the presence of an internal structure. This skeleton includes the classic bricks, which are laid in accordance with the desired development and solidarized simply with mortar. In fact, transverse forces (e.g. due to the impact of a body or those induced by an earthquake) when acting in the direction of the surface convexity are collected by this internal structure and transferred to the floor plan. Technical data and usage limits: The mounting constraints derive from the bricks dimensions. The basic "standard" module is a 3 meters high by 2.5 meters long wall, allowing an eccentricity (between the wall top and the base) of about 75 cm, resulting from the need to have a minimum of brick overlapping for static reasons. Basic modules can be merged, or connected to a perpendicular wall. Stiffeners should be placed on the sides of the openings (doors). In areas of high seismicity is advisable to avoid multiple curvatures in the plant and use the Modellable Wall system in rectilinear segments. The maximum resistance is obtained with a rectilinear development or at most with single curvature in the horizontal plane. On the vertical development instead, the system allows to obtain concavity and convexity in elevation allowing, at the same, mechanical resistance also with double curvatures. The starting (vertical sections) of the wall can be shaped as desired, or can be arranged at an angle with the vertical. With adequate study of the hardware and providing appropriate tie, by turning the system of 90 °, or placing it in the horizontal plane, ceilings and light coatings can be achieved also. This application, as well as the use of the system as an earth-bearing wall or with high horizontal thrusts, requires special adaptations and further verifications and calculations.
Muratura; Design
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/800119
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