An L-shaped tab was tested at the trailing edge of an oscillating airfoil to evaluate its effects on blades aerodynamic performance. The tests were conducted on a NACA 23012 pitching airfoil in deep dynamic stall conditions with the L-shaped tab fixed in two different positions. When deployed the tab is attached to the airfoil upper surface so that the end prong protrudes at the airfoil trailing edge. In retracted position the tab features an angle of 9.1° with the airfoil upper surface, since its prong tip touches the airfoil trailing edge. The airloads time histories during a pitching cycle were evaluated by pressure measurements carried out on the airfoil midspan contour. The phase-averaged flow field at the trailing edge region was investigated by means of particle image velocimetry to evaluate the detailed flow physics involved in the use of the device. The experimental results indicate that the use of such a pivoting L-shaped tab can introduce similar effects to those that can be obtained by the use of an active Gurney flap. Thus, the L-shaped tab can be considered an attractive device due to its easier integration on helicopter blades.

Experimental Investigation of a Trailing Edge L-shaped Tab on a Pitching Airfoil in Deep Dynamic Stall Conditions

ZANOTTI, ALEX;GRASSI, DONATO;GIBERTINI, GIUSEPPE
2014

Abstract

An L-shaped tab was tested at the trailing edge of an oscillating airfoil to evaluate its effects on blades aerodynamic performance. The tests were conducted on a NACA 23012 pitching airfoil in deep dynamic stall conditions with the L-shaped tab fixed in two different positions. When deployed the tab is attached to the airfoil upper surface so that the end prong protrudes at the airfoil trailing edge. In retracted position the tab features an angle of 9.1° with the airfoil upper surface, since its prong tip touches the airfoil trailing edge. The airloads time histories during a pitching cycle were evaluated by pressure measurements carried out on the airfoil midspan contour. The phase-averaged flow field at the trailing edge region was investigated by means of particle image velocimetry to evaluate the detailed flow physics involved in the use of the device. The experimental results indicate that the use of such a pivoting L-shaped tab can introduce similar effects to those that can be obtained by the use of an active Gurney flap. Thus, the L-shaped tab can be considered an attractive device due to its easier integration on helicopter blades.
Gurney flap, Oscillating airfoil, Particle image velocimetry, Unsteady aerodynamics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/767076
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