In this study a robust strategy for 3D-Volume Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is presented, apt to provide accurate kinematic measurements within a loaded sample on the basis of three-dimensional digital images by X-ray computed micro-tomography. In the framework of a Galerkin, finite element discretization of the displacement field, the inverse problem of estimating 3D motion inside the bulk material is solved recursively on a hierarchical family of grids, linked by suitable restriction and prolongation operators. Such structured grids are defined over an image pyramid, which is generated starting from the raw tomographic reconstructions by a reiterated application of average filters and sub-sampling operators. To achieve robust estimates of the underlying displacement fields, multi-grid cycles are performed ascending and descending along the pyramid in a selected sequence. At each scale, the least-square matching function for DIC is enriched by means of a penalty term in the spirit of Tychonoff regularization, including as a priori information the estimate achieved at the previous grid and transferred to the current scale. For each grid only one Newton iteration can be considered, implying important time savings. Results are presented concerning a laboratory X-ray micro-tomography experiment on a polymeric foam sample, subjected to loading by an apparatus ad-hoc realized.

A Regularized, Pyramidal Multi-grid Approach to Global 3D-Volume Digital Image Correlation Based on X-ray Micro-tomography

FEDELE, ROBERTO;CIANI, ANTONIA;GALANTUCCI, LUCA;ANDENA, LUCA
2013-01-01

Abstract

In this study a robust strategy for 3D-Volume Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is presented, apt to provide accurate kinematic measurements within a loaded sample on the basis of three-dimensional digital images by X-ray computed micro-tomography. In the framework of a Galerkin, finite element discretization of the displacement field, the inverse problem of estimating 3D motion inside the bulk material is solved recursively on a hierarchical family of grids, linked by suitable restriction and prolongation operators. Such structured grids are defined over an image pyramid, which is generated starting from the raw tomographic reconstructions by a reiterated application of average filters and sub-sampling operators. To achieve robust estimates of the underlying displacement fields, multi-grid cycles are performed ascending and descending along the pyramid in a selected sequence. At each scale, the least-square matching function for DIC is enriched by means of a penalty term in the spirit of Tychonoff regularization, including as a priori information the estimate achieved at the previous grid and transferred to the current scale. For each grid only one Newton iteration can be considered, implying important time savings. Results are presented concerning a laboratory X-ray micro-tomography experiment on a polymeric foam sample, subjected to loading by an apparatus ad-hoc realized.
Volume Digital Image Correlation, X-ray micro-tomography, Ill-posed Inverse Problems, Tychonoff regularization, Cellular materials.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/761445
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