The existence of a welded zone generally influences the local strain and stress distribution especially in case of welding defects. A method able to measure the local deformability can hence give many important information about the real stress and strain fields useful to improve the welded structure design. In this experimental work, some new generation automotive steels have been considered, because of the well known welding problems due to their unstable microstructural condition. Such materials, known as Q&P steels and available only as thin sheets, require a suitable quenching process able to give high mechanical resistance and satisfying deformability. Some sheet samples were welded by electron beam technique, because it is able to reduce the width of the heat affected zone where the main microstructural changes are concentrated. From such samples, tensile specimens were machined. During the tensile tests, the deformations were measured both by a traditional extensometer and by a 3D Digital Image Correlation (3D DIC) technique. A preliminary investigation of the melted and the heat affected zones resulted in small dimensions (about 10 mm) and hence the measuring setup has been optimized in order maximize the achievable measuring resolution minimizing the resulting uncertainty. This result can be achieved by a pattern generated by a suitable software and by an accurate preparation of the surface where the pattern will be deposited on.
|Titolo:||The Digital Image Correlation technique applied to the deformation behavior of welded sheet joints|
|Autori interni:||RIVOLTA, BARBARA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Rivista:||LA METALLURGIA ITALIANA|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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