This chapter updates previous reviews on the catalytic partial oxidation of methane and light hydrocarbons over noble metals; specifically, it focuses on the development of experimental and modeling tools that in recent years allowed to measure with accuracy and formalize the kinetics of the surface process, thus setting the basis for the engineering of short contact time CPO reformers. Such advanced tools include special micro-reactor designs for the kinetic investigation under isothermal conditions, first- principle microkinetic schemes, techniques for the spatially resolved measurement of temperature and concentration profiles inside working adiabatic reactors, detailed reactor models accounting for the role of transport phenomena in structured catalysts as well as that of homogeneous reactions. These contributions pave a multi-scale path, that runs from the fundamentals of surface kinetics to the reactor optimal design.

Gaining insight into the kinetics of partial oxidation of light hydrocarbons on Rh, through a multiscale methodology based on advanced experimental and modeling techniques

BERETTA, ALESSANDRA;DONAZZI, ALESSANDRO;GROPPI, GIANPIERO;MAESTRI, MATTEO;TRONCONI, ENRICO;FORZATTI, PIO
2013

Abstract

This chapter updates previous reviews on the catalytic partial oxidation of methane and light hydrocarbons over noble metals; specifically, it focuses on the development of experimental and modeling tools that in recent years allowed to measure with accuracy and formalize the kinetics of the surface process, thus setting the basis for the engineering of short contact time CPO reformers. Such advanced tools include special micro-reactor designs for the kinetic investigation under isothermal conditions, first- principle microkinetic schemes, techniques for the spatially resolved measurement of temperature and concentration profiles inside working adiabatic reactors, detailed reactor models accounting for the role of transport phenomena in structured catalysts as well as that of homogeneous reactions. These contributions pave a multi-scale path, that runs from the fundamentals of surface kinetics to the reactor optimal design.
Catalysis: Volume 25
978-1-84973-578-0
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/758877
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