The object of the paper is the influence of the soil-structure interaction on the dynamic response of masonry towers, for which a high level of stress is involved already in the static field. The relevant deformations and displacements at the base of the tower suggest that a significant volume of ground is engaged into the overall dynamic response, both as a participating mass and as a potential carrier of energy dissipation. In order to investigate this aspect and assess the sensitivity of the dynamic response of the soil-structure system to different soil characteristics, the non linear dynamic response of a case study is analysed, by including in the model a significant volume of foundation soil and considering two different ground types. The numerical model is based on a specific Rigid Body and Springs approach, in which the structure is idealized as a mechanism made of rigid elements connected each to the other by axial and shear springs. The nonlinear behaviour is lumped into the springs assigning proper constitutive laws able to model the significant inelastic aspects of the constitutive behaviour and the meso-scale damage mechanisms with a moderate computational effort. Two types of foundation soil have been considered in order to perform the dynamical analysis accounting for the soil-structure interaction: rock and deposits of compact gravel. For both models, non-linear dynamic analyses have been performed adopting natural records having different characteristics (with regard to the frequency content; distance from the epicentre and type of soil). Some interesting considerations are derived from this comparative study about a problem that is very actual for those who deal with non linear dynamics of structures, but yet is not much explored.

Non-linear dynamic analysis of masonry towers under natural accelerograms accounting for soil-structure interaction

CASOLO, SIRO;
2013

Abstract

The object of the paper is the influence of the soil-structure interaction on the dynamic response of masonry towers, for which a high level of stress is involved already in the static field. The relevant deformations and displacements at the base of the tower suggest that a significant volume of ground is engaged into the overall dynamic response, both as a participating mass and as a potential carrier of energy dissipation. In order to investigate this aspect and assess the sensitivity of the dynamic response of the soil-structure system to different soil characteristics, the non linear dynamic response of a case study is analysed, by including in the model a significant volume of foundation soil and considering two different ground types. The numerical model is based on a specific Rigid Body and Springs approach, in which the structure is idealized as a mechanism made of rigid elements connected each to the other by axial and shear springs. The nonlinear behaviour is lumped into the springs assigning proper constitutive laws able to model the significant inelastic aspects of the constitutive behaviour and the meso-scale damage mechanisms with a moderate computational effort. Two types of foundation soil have been considered in order to perform the dynamical analysis accounting for the soil-structure interaction: rock and deposits of compact gravel. For both models, non-linear dynamic analyses have been performed adopting natural records having different characteristics (with regard to the frequency content; distance from the epicentre and type of soil). Some interesting considerations are derived from this comparative study about a problem that is very actual for those who deal with non linear dynamics of structures, but yet is not much explored.
Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Masonry towers; Seismic assessment; Nonlinear dynamic analysis; natural accelerograms; vertical accelerograms; Soil-structure Interaction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/733766
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