A numerical study on the 2009 Mw 6.3 L'Aquila earthquake is here presented using a high performance Spectral Element (SE) code to clarify the issues regarding the generation of physics-based deterministic ground motion scenarios in near-fault conditions and over a broad range of frequencies. Numerical simulations provide reliable ground motion scenarios up to about 2.5 Hz in the epicentral region of L'Aquila earthquake, as confirmed by the apparent agreement between the simulated peak ground velocity wavefield and the observed distribution of damage. Moreover, the synthetic waveforms fit reasonably well the strong motion recordings within the town of L'Aquila and surroundings. Nevertheless, some discrepancies are found in the upper Aterno Valley, associated to a considerable extent with the details of the rupture process. Improvements on the source modeling are obtained through the definition of stochastically (but realistically) varying kinematic source parameters which may play a relevant role in propagating high frequency components of ground motion, poorly controlled by numerical approaches. Finally, the proposed hybrid scheme to generate broadband synthetic waveforms, by combining the low frequency synthetics from SE simulations (f< 2.5 Hz) with high frequency stochastic components appears as a powerful tool to generate ground shaking scenarios over the whole frequency range of interest for engineering applications.

Broadband numerical simulations in complex near field geological configurations: the case of the Mw 6.3 2009 L'Aquila earthquake

SMERZINI, CHIARA;
2012

Abstract

A numerical study on the 2009 Mw 6.3 L'Aquila earthquake is here presented using a high performance Spectral Element (SE) code to clarify the issues regarding the generation of physics-based deterministic ground motion scenarios in near-fault conditions and over a broad range of frequencies. Numerical simulations provide reliable ground motion scenarios up to about 2.5 Hz in the epicentral region of L'Aquila earthquake, as confirmed by the apparent agreement between the simulated peak ground velocity wavefield and the observed distribution of damage. Moreover, the synthetic waveforms fit reasonably well the strong motion recordings within the town of L'Aquila and surroundings. Nevertheless, some discrepancies are found in the upper Aterno Valley, associated to a considerable extent with the details of the rupture process. Improvements on the source modeling are obtained through the definition of stochastically (but realistically) varying kinematic source parameters which may play a relevant role in propagating high frequency components of ground motion, poorly controlled by numerical approaches. Finally, the proposed hybrid scheme to generate broadband synthetic waveforms, by combining the low frequency synthetics from SE simulations (f< 2.5 Hz) with high frequency stochastic components appears as a powerful tool to generate ground shaking scenarios over the whole frequency range of interest for engineering applications.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Smerzini_Villani_2012_bssa.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 1.18 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.18 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/706928
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 33
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 31
social impact