The large use of lightweight structures has emphasized the need to reduce undesired vibrations which can compromise the integrity and the safety of flexible structures. The advancements in materials technology have made available a new generation of materials regarded as smart. Thanks to the results obtained in this field, many researches are focusing on the study of intelligent structures, able to modify their mechanical properties. Composite materials are interesting in the construction of smart structures, thanks to high mechanical properties which allow obtaining lightweight structures with high resistance and due to the possibility of embedding sensors and actuators inside the structure. Among all, piezoelectric actuators and optical fiber sensors are widely used in the development of smart structures. However, while the firsts are widely used for applications of vibration control, the seconds are usually considered to monitor the health of the structure and its state of deformation. This work deals with carbon fiber structures with Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors and piezoelectric actuators. Such a structure is able to self-sense its state of vibration and to provide control forces to reduce it. The peculiarity of this control system is represented by the possibility to monitor a large number of sensors (to approximate distributed measurements), suitable for physical feedback or modal control. The experimental tests carried out allow to investigate the effectiveness of this setup in the active vibration control and to evaluate the limits of this technology.

Self sensing and self actuating structures

CAZZULANI, GABRIELE;CINQUEMANI, SIMONE;COMOLLI, LORENZO
2012-01-01

Abstract

The large use of lightweight structures has emphasized the need to reduce undesired vibrations which can compromise the integrity and the safety of flexible structures. The advancements in materials technology have made available a new generation of materials regarded as smart. Thanks to the results obtained in this field, many researches are focusing on the study of intelligent structures, able to modify their mechanical properties. Composite materials are interesting in the construction of smart structures, thanks to high mechanical properties which allow obtaining lightweight structures with high resistance and due to the possibility of embedding sensors and actuators inside the structure. Among all, piezoelectric actuators and optical fiber sensors are widely used in the development of smart structures. However, while the firsts are widely used for applications of vibration control, the seconds are usually considered to monitor the health of the structure and its state of deformation. This work deals with carbon fiber structures with Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors and piezoelectric actuators. Such a structure is able to self-sense its state of vibration and to provide control forces to reduce it. The peculiarity of this control system is represented by the possibility to monitor a large number of sensors (to approximate distributed measurements), suitable for physical feedback or modal control. The experimental tests carried out allow to investigate the effectiveness of this setup in the active vibration control and to evaluate the limits of this technology.
Atti del 2° Congresso Nazionale del Coordinamento della Meccanica Italiana
9788896378601
Smart structure; piezolectric actuator; fiber Bragg grating sensors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/694058
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