VERITAS is the first 128-channel ASIC developed to readout both the pnCCDs and the DEPFET arrays produced at the MPI-Halbleiterlabor in Munich. These detectors are used in a large variety of scientific applications, ranging from X- ray astronomy to the new X-ray Free Electron Laser sources. The main concept of VERITAS is to provide a flexible readout chip able to cope not only with different kinds of detectors, but also with a large set of operating conditions that may require very different noise thresholds and input dynamic ranges. These can vary by more than two orders of magnitude. Every analog channel of VERITAS provides trapezoidal weighting function. This filtering strategy had never been applied to the pnCCD before. The very first measurements obtained coupling VERITAS with a 128 × 256 pnCCD are shown. With these settings an input charge up to 250000 electrons can be processed. With a readout time of 4 µs/line a noise of 3.9 electrons has been measured in the highest gain mode. The resolution obtained on the Mn-Kα peak of a 55Fe source is of 136 eV for single events. A noise of 30 electrons has been achieved in the lowest gain mode at a speed of 6.4 µs/line. In this low gain setting an input charge up to 250000 electrons can be processed. These striking results fulfill the requirements of the main foreseen applications of large-size pnCCDs: experiments with Free Electron Lasers and high-speed optical astronomy. In order to further improve the performance and the flexibility of the ASIC, a second version based on a fully differential architecture has been designed. This topology allows a simpler filter implementation and it is less sensitive to cross-talk. In addition it offers the possibility to switch with the same ASIC between the source follower and drain current readout of the DEPFET sensors. The drain readout should make it possible to reach a processing time of about 2-3 µs/line with an electronics noise ≤ 10 el. This makes the second version of VERITAS very attractive for the proposed ESA X-ray astronomy mission ATHENA.

VERITAS: a 128-channel ASIC for the readout of pnCCDs and DEPFET arrays for X-ray imaging, spectroscopy and X-ray FEL applications. Experimental results and new designs.

BIANCHI, DAVIDE;
2011

Abstract

VERITAS is the first 128-channel ASIC developed to readout both the pnCCDs and the DEPFET arrays produced at the MPI-Halbleiterlabor in Munich. These detectors are used in a large variety of scientific applications, ranging from X- ray astronomy to the new X-ray Free Electron Laser sources. The main concept of VERITAS is to provide a flexible readout chip able to cope not only with different kinds of detectors, but also with a large set of operating conditions that may require very different noise thresholds and input dynamic ranges. These can vary by more than two orders of magnitude. Every analog channel of VERITAS provides trapezoidal weighting function. This filtering strategy had never been applied to the pnCCD before. The very first measurements obtained coupling VERITAS with a 128 × 256 pnCCD are shown. With these settings an input charge up to 250000 electrons can be processed. With a readout time of 4 µs/line a noise of 3.9 electrons has been measured in the highest gain mode. The resolution obtained on the Mn-Kα peak of a 55Fe source is of 136 eV for single events. A noise of 30 electrons has been achieved in the lowest gain mode at a speed of 6.4 µs/line. In this low gain setting an input charge up to 250000 electrons can be processed. These striking results fulfill the requirements of the main foreseen applications of large-size pnCCDs: experiments with Free Electron Lasers and high-speed optical astronomy. In order to further improve the performance and the flexibility of the ASIC, a second version based on a fully differential architecture has been designed. This topology allows a simpler filter implementation and it is less sensitive to cross-talk. In addition it offers the possibility to switch with the same ASIC between the source follower and drain current readout of the DEPFET sensors. The drain readout should make it possible to reach a processing time of about 2-3 µs/line with an electronics noise ≤ 10 el. This makes the second version of VERITAS very attractive for the proposed ESA X-ray astronomy mission ATHENA.
9781467301190
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/674949
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