An extensive experimental investigation was conducted on an oscillating NACA 23012 airfoil to study the flow structures and the consequent performances in dynamic stall conditions. The testing activity involved two different measurement techniques: fast unsteady pressure measurements and particle image velocimetry. The analysis of the experimental data set made possible to achieve a deep insight in the mechanism of the dynamic stall phenomena for the NACA 23012 airfoil in the different dynamic stall regimes. In particular, the flow velocity field measured on the airfoil upper surface described in detail the mechanism of the formation, migration and shedding of strong vortical structures characteristic of the deep dynamic stall. In addition, Gurney flap effects were investigated. The experimental results showed that it would be advantageous to deploy active Gurney flaps to improve helicopter rotor blade performances. The whole set of experimental results can be considered as a reference to validate computational fluid dynamics tools.

Experimental Investigation of the Dynamic Stall Phenomenon on a NACA 23012 Oscillating Airfoil

ZANOTTI, ALEX;GIBERTINI, GIUSEPPE
2013

Abstract

An extensive experimental investigation was conducted on an oscillating NACA 23012 airfoil to study the flow structures and the consequent performances in dynamic stall conditions. The testing activity involved two different measurement techniques: fast unsteady pressure measurements and particle image velocimetry. The analysis of the experimental data set made possible to achieve a deep insight in the mechanism of the dynamic stall phenomena for the NACA 23012 airfoil in the different dynamic stall regimes. In particular, the flow velocity field measured on the airfoil upper surface described in detail the mechanism of the formation, migration and shedding of strong vortical structures characteristic of the deep dynamic stall. In addition, Gurney flap effects were investigated. The experimental results showed that it would be advantageous to deploy active Gurney flaps to improve helicopter rotor blade performances. The whole set of experimental results can be considered as a reference to validate computational fluid dynamics tools.
Dynamic stall experiments; Oscillating airfoil; Particle image velocimetry; Unsteady aerodynamics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/671026
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