When the material yields local stress and strain behaviour changes, especially if there is a notch, determination of the local strain value can be difficult. Therefore it is not easy to predict the life of mechanical components in the low-cycle region. In the present work pressure vessels are considered and fatigue tests carried out. The most stressed zones, which are at the connections between the nozzles and the vessel, are subjected to cyclic loads with subsequent repeated plastic strains that cause nucleation and propagation of fatigue cracks. The life of such a mechanical component under low cycle fatigue can be predicted by utilizing the life strain curves ε-Nf or the energy approach (plastic strain and total strain energy density). In the present work, life prediction is performed by considering several different approaches. The results are compared with the experimental results obtained by fatigue testing pressure vessel nozzles. The material considered is Fe 510 B UNI 7070-72 steel.

Life prediction of pressure vessel nozzles

GIGLIO, MARCO;VERGANI, LAURA MARIA
1995

Abstract

When the material yields local stress and strain behaviour changes, especially if there is a notch, determination of the local strain value can be difficult. Therefore it is not easy to predict the life of mechanical components in the low-cycle region. In the present work pressure vessels are considered and fatigue tests carried out. The most stressed zones, which are at the connections between the nozzles and the vessel, are subjected to cyclic loads with subsequent repeated plastic strains that cause nucleation and propagation of fatigue cracks. The life of such a mechanical component under low cycle fatigue can be predicted by utilizing the life strain curves ε-Nf or the energy approach (plastic strain and total strain energy density). In the present work, life prediction is performed by considering several different approaches. The results are compared with the experimental results obtained by fatigue testing pressure vessel nozzles. The material considered is Fe 510 B UNI 7070-72 steel.
Fatigue, Nozzles, Pressure Vessels, Fatigue of materials, Fatigue testing, Nozzles, Plasticity, Strain, Stress analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/661327
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