The use of on-line densimetry to monitor conversion in batch emulsion polymerization reactors are investigated. Some characteristics of the sampling circuit connecting the reactor to the densitometer, which allow one to obtain reliable on-line estimations of monomer conversion in the whole range of conversion, are discussed in detail. Moreover, the amount of collected data provides a practically continuous monitoring of the system evolution in time, which allows one to estimate directly the rate of conversion as a function of time. The technique has been applied both to homopolymerization systems [i.e., styrene (STY) and methyl methacrylate (MMA)] as well as to copolymerization systems [ i.e., STY-MMA, acrylonitrile (ACN) -MMA, vinyl acetate (VAC) -MMA]. In the latter case, the density measurements are combined with a reliable model which provides for polymer composition as a function of conversion, in order to obtain accurate measurements of monomers conversion.

Densimetry For Online Conversion Monitoring In Emulsion Homopolymerization and Copolymerization

STORTI, GIUSEPPE;MORBIDELLI, MASSIMO;CARRA', SERGIO
1993

Abstract

The use of on-line densimetry to monitor conversion in batch emulsion polymerization reactors are investigated. Some characteristics of the sampling circuit connecting the reactor to the densitometer, which allow one to obtain reliable on-line estimations of monomer conversion in the whole range of conversion, are discussed in detail. Moreover, the amount of collected data provides a practically continuous monitoring of the system evolution in time, which allows one to estimate directly the rate of conversion as a function of time. The technique has been applied both to homopolymerization systems [i.e., styrene (STY) and methyl methacrylate (MMA)] as well as to copolymerization systems [ i.e., STY-MMA, acrylonitrile (ACN) -MMA, vinyl acetate (VAC) -MMA]. In the latter case, the density measurements are combined with a reliable model which provides for polymer composition as a function of conversion, in order to obtain accurate measurements of monomers conversion.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/659313
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