Using UV pulses from KrF excimer laser, Au targets were ablated in varying pressures of argon to deposit Au nanoparticle (NP) arrays. The morphology of these films from island structures to isolated NPs, observed by SEM and TEM, depends on the gas pressure (10-100 Pa) and pulse number keeping other deposition parameters constant. By fast imaging of the plasma with an iCCD camera at different time delays with respect to the arrival of the laser pulse, we study the plasma propagation regime and we measured its initial velocity. These data and the measured average ablated mass per pulse were introduced to the mixed propagation model to calculate the average asymptotic size of clusters grown in the plume which were compared with NP sizes from TEM measurements. UV-visible Spectroscopy revealed changes of surface plasmon resonance with respect to NP size and spatial density and distribution on the surface. Suitable wavelength to excite the localized surface plasmon was chosen to detect ultra-low concentrations of Rhodamine and Apomorphine as an application to biomedical sensors, using Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS). A comparison of SERS spectra taken under identical conditions from commercial substrates and from PLD substrates show that the latter have superior performances.

Au nanoparticle arrays produced by Pulsed Laser Deposition for Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

AGARWAL, NISHA RANI;LUCOTTI, ANDREA;OSSI, PAOLO MARIA
2012

Abstract

Using UV pulses from KrF excimer laser, Au targets were ablated in varying pressures of argon to deposit Au nanoparticle (NP) arrays. The morphology of these films from island structures to isolated NPs, observed by SEM and TEM, depends on the gas pressure (10-100 Pa) and pulse number keeping other deposition parameters constant. By fast imaging of the plasma with an iCCD camera at different time delays with respect to the arrival of the laser pulse, we study the plasma propagation regime and we measured its initial velocity. These data and the measured average ablated mass per pulse were introduced to the mixed propagation model to calculate the average asymptotic size of clusters grown in the plume which were compared with NP sizes from TEM measurements. UV-visible Spectroscopy revealed changes of surface plasmon resonance with respect to NP size and spatial density and distribution on the surface. Suitable wavelength to excite the localized surface plasmon was chosen to detect ultra-low concentrations of Rhodamine and Apomorphine as an application to biomedical sensors, using Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS). A comparison of SERS spectra taken under identical conditions from commercial substrates and from PLD substrates show that the latter have superior performances.
Laser ablation; Nanoparticles; Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/655348
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