Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are double strand RNA fragments of short sequence ([similar]20 bp). RNA interference came into focus only 13 years ago as a major biological breakthrough and, since then, many studies have described the involvement of siRNA in gene silencing. Application to gene therapy is extremely promising, provided that appropriate vectors are used. Optimising transfection efficacy strongly relies on the knowledge and tuning of physicochemical properties of transfection complexes, such as size, surface charge and internal interactions, which govern in vitro and in vivo stability. Here we report a study on siRNA complexation with micelles of two types of divalent cationic surfactants, i.e. three Gemini bis(quaternary ammonium) bromide with variable spacer length (12-3-12, 12-6-12, 12-12-12) and one weak electrolyte surfactant with a triazine polar head. The process of complex formation was followed by SANS, DLS and zeta potential. Charge density on micelles and counterion exchange were key factors in determining the extent of complexation, as it happens to polymer electrolytes interacting with micelles. A description of complex formation was given in terms of liquid–liquid micro-phase separation, due to internally structured coacervates progressively nucleating from the micelle solution upon siRNA addition. An affinity order between surfactants and siRNA could be established on the basis of the obtained results and their comparison.

Complexing a small interfering RNA with divalent cationic surfactants

CANDIANI, GABRIELE;
2012

Abstract

Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are double strand RNA fragments of short sequence ([similar]20 bp). RNA interference came into focus only 13 years ago as a major biological breakthrough and, since then, many studies have described the involvement of siRNA in gene silencing. Application to gene therapy is extremely promising, provided that appropriate vectors are used. Optimising transfection efficacy strongly relies on the knowledge and tuning of physicochemical properties of transfection complexes, such as size, surface charge and internal interactions, which govern in vitro and in vivo stability. Here we report a study on siRNA complexation with micelles of two types of divalent cationic surfactants, i.e. three Gemini bis(quaternary ammonium) bromide with variable spacer length (12-3-12, 12-6-12, 12-12-12) and one weak electrolyte surfactant with a triazine polar head. The process of complex formation was followed by SANS, DLS and zeta potential. Charge density on micelles and counterion exchange were key factors in determining the extent of complexation, as it happens to polymer electrolytes interacting with micelles. A description of complex formation was given in terms of liquid–liquid micro-phase separation, due to internally structured coacervates progressively nucleating from the micelle solution upon siRNA addition. An affinity order between surfactants and siRNA could be established on the basis of the obtained results and their comparison.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/634247
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