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|Titolo:||Study of Cellular Adhesion by Means of Micropillar Surface Topologies|
|Autori interni:||RASPONI, MARCO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Rivista:||ADVANCED MATERIALS RESEARCH|
|Abstract:||It is well-known that cellular behavior can be guided by chemical signals and physical interactions at the cell-substrate interface. The patterns that cells encounter in their natural environment include nanometer-to-micrometer- sized topographies comprising extracellular matrix, proteins, and adjacent cells. Whether cells transduce substrate rigidity at the microscopic scale (for example, sensing the rigidity between adhesion sites) or the nanoscopic scale remains an open question. Here we report that micromolded elastomeric micropost arrays can decouple substrate rigidity from adhesive and surface properties. Arrays of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microposts from microfabricated silicon masters have been fabricated. To control substrate rigidity they present the same post heights but different surface area and spacing between posts. The main advantage of micropost arrays over other surface modification solutions (i.e. hydrogels) is that measured subcellular traction forces could be attributed directly to focal adhesions. This would allow to map traction forces to individual focal adhesions and spatially quantify subcellular distributions of focal-adhesion area, traction force and focal-adhesion stress. Moreover, different adhesion intracellular pathways could be used by the cells to differentiate toward a proliferative or a contractile cellular phenotype, for instance. This particular application is advantageous for vascular tissue engineering applications, where mimicking as close as possible the vessels dynamics should be a step forward in this research field.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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