A two-dimensional numerical model for the evolution of a bottom due to particle deposition and resuspension by a fluid flow is here presented. A computational fluid dynamic approach is used to calculate the flow field and a Lagrangian particle tracking technique is applied to solve the dispersed phase. The evolution of the lower boundary is simulated taking into account the mass conservation of the solid phase and the geotechnical properties of the granular material. The model is characterized by two important features. First, fluid dynamics are coupled with the bottom evolution due to particle deposition and resuspension. This permits to use the model to simulate complex flow fields as well as complex time-evolving geometries. Second, the dispersed phase is calculated by a Lagrangian approach, which retains the discrete information of the individual particles of the granular bottom which may be of interest for some industrial processes (coating) and environmental flows (sediment stratification). First consistency checks have been performed for some deposition and resuspension test cases with fluid at rest. The model has also been tested by comparison with a physical experiment of deposition inside a cavity. Finally, as an example of possible applications of industrial and environmental interest, the model has been applied to investigate particle deposition in rectangular cavities and the evolution of a sand heap by a fluid flow.

Mathematical modelling of bottom evolution by particle deposition and resuspension

BOZZI, SILVIA;PASSONI, GIUSEPPE
2012

Abstract

A two-dimensional numerical model for the evolution of a bottom due to particle deposition and resuspension by a fluid flow is here presented. A computational fluid dynamic approach is used to calculate the flow field and a Lagrangian particle tracking technique is applied to solve the dispersed phase. The evolution of the lower boundary is simulated taking into account the mass conservation of the solid phase and the geotechnical properties of the granular material. The model is characterized by two important features. First, fluid dynamics are coupled with the bottom evolution due to particle deposition and resuspension. This permits to use the model to simulate complex flow fields as well as complex time-evolving geometries. Second, the dispersed phase is calculated by a Lagrangian approach, which retains the discrete information of the individual particles of the granular bottom which may be of interest for some industrial processes (coating) and environmental flows (sediment stratification). First consistency checks have been performed for some deposition and resuspension test cases with fluid at rest. The model has also been tested by comparison with a physical experiment of deposition inside a cavity. Finally, as an example of possible applications of industrial and environmental interest, the model has been applied to investigate particle deposition in rectangular cavities and the evolution of a sand heap by a fluid flow.
Deposition; Resuspension; Boundary evolution; Lagrangian particle tracking; Numerical modelling
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Descrizione: bozzi e passoni (2012) Appl. Math. Mod.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/631598
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