Composite materials are widely used to build structural components, thanks to their mechanical properties. Those are generally considered ‘engineering materials’, since they are tailored to meet specific requirements. Due to their use for structural components, it is important to know their mechanical behaviour, especially under cyclic loads. At present, there is a common interest, among researchers, to study the mechanical behaviour of composites, by means of both traditional and innovative techniques, with the final purpose of making previsions regarding their service life. In fact, due to their composite nature, they behave in a different mode compared to homogeneous materials. This study is focused on a glass fibre-reinforced plastic (GFRP); the aim of this work is to study its fatigue behaviour, from both the mechanical and the thermal points of view. The main reason is that there is a lack of knowledge, in the literature, about the fatigue of composites. In this study, a GFR laminate was characterized under static and dynamic loading conditions; during the experimental tests, thermal measurements were carried out by means of an IR-thermal camera. Temperature measurements were done during the static tests, whereas in the dynamic tests the dissipated energy was measured, by using the dissipation method (D-mode). Then, various criteria for fatigue life estimation were applied fitting the experimental data. Since different thermographic techniques have been used to estimate the fatigue behaviour, a final comparison between the experimental data and the predicted fatigue behaviour is proposed and discussed, showing a good agreement.

Fatigue behaviour of a GFRP laminate by thermographic measurements

COLOMBO, CHIARA;LIBONATI, FLAVIA;SALERNO, ANTONIO;VERGANI, LAURA MARIA
2011

Abstract

Composite materials are widely used to build structural components, thanks to their mechanical properties. Those are generally considered ‘engineering materials’, since they are tailored to meet specific requirements. Due to their use for structural components, it is important to know their mechanical behaviour, especially under cyclic loads. At present, there is a common interest, among researchers, to study the mechanical behaviour of composites, by means of both traditional and innovative techniques, with the final purpose of making previsions regarding their service life. In fact, due to their composite nature, they behave in a different mode compared to homogeneous materials. This study is focused on a glass fibre-reinforced plastic (GFRP); the aim of this work is to study its fatigue behaviour, from both the mechanical and the thermal points of view. The main reason is that there is a lack of knowledge, in the literature, about the fatigue of composites. In this study, a GFR laminate was characterized under static and dynamic loading conditions; during the experimental tests, thermal measurements were carried out by means of an IR-thermal camera. Temperature measurements were done during the static tests, whereas in the dynamic tests the dissipated energy was measured, by using the dissipation method (D-mode). Then, various criteria for fatigue life estimation were applied fitting the experimental data. Since different thermographic techniques have been used to estimate the fatigue behaviour, a final comparison between the experimental data and the predicted fatigue behaviour is proposed and discussed, showing a good agreement.
Procedia Engineering, Volume 10, 2011, 11th International Conference on the Mechanical Behavior of Materials (ICM11)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/628587
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