Recently, a growing interest has arisen about the time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique, that allows the analysis of fast and weak light waveforms with a time resolution in the picosecond order. Since TCSPC basically consists of the measurement of the arrival time of a photon, a high resolution and high linearity time measurement block is of the utmost importance; moreover, the use of multianode Photo Multiplier Tube and of single photon avalanche diode arrays led to the development of multichannel acquisition systems, where the time measurement block has to be integrated to reduce both cost and area. We have designed and fabricated a four channel fully integrated time-to-amplitude converter (TAC), built in 0.35 $mu$m Si-Ge technology, characterized by an excellent time resolution (less than 50 ps full width half maximum), low differential nonlinearity (better than 0.02 LSB peak-peak and 0.0003 LSB rms), high counting rate (16 MHz), low and constant power dissipation (50 mW) and low area occupation (2.58$,times,$ 1.28 mm$^{2}$ ). Moreover, the very low crosstalk ( ${-}$115 dB) between channels, together with low power and low area makes the converter suitable for large scale multi-channel acquisition chains.

Four Channel, 40 ps Resolution, Fully Integrated Time-to-Amplitude Converter for Time-Resolved Photon Counting

CROTTI, MATTEO CARLO;RECH, IVAN;GHIONI, MASSIMO ANTONIO
2012

Abstract

Recently, a growing interest has arisen about the time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique, that allows the analysis of fast and weak light waveforms with a time resolution in the picosecond order. Since TCSPC basically consists of the measurement of the arrival time of a photon, a high resolution and high linearity time measurement block is of the utmost importance; moreover, the use of multianode Photo Multiplier Tube and of single photon avalanche diode arrays led to the development of multichannel acquisition systems, where the time measurement block has to be integrated to reduce both cost and area. We have designed and fabricated a four channel fully integrated time-to-amplitude converter (TAC), built in 0.35 $mu$m Si-Ge technology, characterized by an excellent time resolution (less than 50 ps full width half maximum), low differential nonlinearity (better than 0.02 LSB peak-peak and 0.0003 LSB rms), high counting rate (16 MHz), low and constant power dissipation (50 mW) and low area occupation (2.58$,times,$ 1.28 mm$^{2}$ ). Moreover, the very low crosstalk ( ${-}$115 dB) between channels, together with low power and low area makes the converter suitable for large scale multi-channel acquisition chains.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/607504
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