Fontan connection with intermittent compression by wrapped latissimus dorsi (LD) was tested in vivo, in vitro and by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Experimental study: LD was conditioned in four pigs for three weeks before Fontan connection by valved conduit wrapped with LD. Mock circuit: Inflatable cuff wrapped around valved conduit provided intermittent external compression, with pressure and flow measured at driving pressure of 8 or 16 mmHg. CFD study: A circuit was tested for possible increase above basal flow (4 l/min) with intermittent external compression. Experimental study: Intermittent conduit compression by LD provided mean 7% decrease of baseline PA pressure, with simultaneous flow increase of 2%. Mock circuit: By raising the driving pressure from 8 to 16 mmHg, the flow increased with baseline PVR (56%) and with elevated PVR (80%). Total pulmonary flow was reduced during intermittent external compression with both baseline and elevated PVR. CFD study: Compression with 13.0 mmHg provided 4.9% increase of total pulmonary flow with substantial increase of the peak flow (92%). In vivo and in vitro, the increased flow produced by compressing a conduit was confounded by the inevitable intermittent flow restriction. Mathematical model using lower pressure for intermittent external compression showed potential for increase in pulmonary flow.

Assisted Fontan procedure: animal and in vitro models and computational fluid dynamic study

VERGARA, CHRISTIAN;PASSERINI, TIZIANO;VENEZIANI, ALESSANDRO;FORMAGGIA, LUCA;QUARTERONI, ALFIO MARIA;
2010

Abstract

Fontan connection with intermittent compression by wrapped latissimus dorsi (LD) was tested in vivo, in vitro and by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Experimental study: LD was conditioned in four pigs for three weeks before Fontan connection by valved conduit wrapped with LD. Mock circuit: Inflatable cuff wrapped around valved conduit provided intermittent external compression, with pressure and flow measured at driving pressure of 8 or 16 mmHg. CFD study: A circuit was tested for possible increase above basal flow (4 l/min) with intermittent external compression. Experimental study: Intermittent conduit compression by LD provided mean 7% decrease of baseline PA pressure, with simultaneous flow increase of 2%. Mock circuit: By raising the driving pressure from 8 to 16 mmHg, the flow increased with baseline PVR (56%) and with elevated PVR (80%). Total pulmonary flow was reduced during intermittent external compression with both baseline and elevated PVR. CFD study: Compression with 13.0 mmHg provided 4.9% increase of total pulmonary flow with substantial increase of the peak flow (92%). In vivo and in vitro, the increased flow produced by compressing a conduit was confounded by the inevitable intermittent flow restriction. Mathematical model using lower pressure for intermittent external compression showed potential for increase in pulmonary flow.
Animal model Computational fluid dynamics Fontan operation Latissimus dorsi muscle Mathematical model Pulmonary vascular resistance
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
corno-etal-ICTS10.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 1.94 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.94 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/606489
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact