The dynamic behaviour of heavy, horizontal axis, turbogeneratorunits affected by transverse cracks can be analysed in the frequency domain by means of a quasi linear approach, using a simplified breathing crack model applied to a traditional finite element model of the shaft-line. This allows to perform a series of analyses with affordable computational efforts. Modal analysis combined to a simplified approach for simulating the dynamical behaviour allows to predict the severity of the crack-excited vibrations, resolving the old-age question on how deep a crack must be to be detected by means of vibration measurements of the machine during normal operating conditions. The model of a 320 MW turbogeneratorunit has been used to perform a numerical sensitivity analysis, in which the vibrations of the shaft-line, and more in detail the vibrations of the shaft in correspondence to the bearings, have been calculated for all possible positions of the crack along the shaft-line, and for several different values of the depth of the crack.

A sensitivity analysis of vibrations in cracked turbogenerator units versus crack position and depth

BACHSCHMID, NICOLO';PENNACCHI, PAOLO EMILIO LINO MARIA;TANZI, EZIO
2010

Abstract

The dynamic behaviour of heavy, horizontal axis, turbogeneratorunits affected by transverse cracks can be analysed in the frequency domain by means of a quasi linear approach, using a simplified breathing crack model applied to a traditional finite element model of the shaft-line. This allows to perform a series of analyses with affordable computational efforts. Modal analysis combined to a simplified approach for simulating the dynamical behaviour allows to predict the severity of the crack-excited vibrations, resolving the old-age question on how deep a crack must be to be detected by means of vibration measurements of the machine during normal operating conditions. The model of a 320 MW turbogeneratorunit has been used to perform a numerical sensitivity analysis, in which the vibrations of the shaft-line, and more in detail the vibrations of the shaft in correspondence to the bearings, have been calculated for all possible positions of the crack along the shaft-line, and for several different values of the depth of the crack.
Cracked rotors, Rotor dynamics, Sensitivity to crack depth
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/571444
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