MILD combustion is a recent development in the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels which promises high efficiencies and low NOx emissions. In this paper we analyze the mathematical and numerical modeling of a Jet in Hot Coflow (JHC) burner, which is designed to emulate a moderate and intense low oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion regime [1]. This paper initially discusses the effects of several modeling strategies on the prediction of the JHC flame structure using the CFD code FLUENT 6.3.26. Effects of various turbulence models and their boundary conditions have been studied. Moreover, the detailed kinetic mechanism adopted in the CFD simulations is successfully validated in the conditions of interest using recent literature data [2] on the effect of nitrogen dilution on the flame speeds of several CH4/H2/air lean mixtures. One of the aims of this paper is also to describe a methodology for computing pollutant formation in steady turbulent flows to verify its applicability to the MILD combustion regime. CFD results are post-processed for calculating the NOx using a numerical tool called Kinetic Post Processor (KPP). The modeling results agree with the experimental results [1] and support the proposed approach as a useful tool for optimizing the design of new burners also in the MILD combustion regime.

Kinetic and fluid dynamics modeling of methane/hydrogen jet flames in diluted coflow

FRASSOLDATI, ALESSIO;CUOCI, ALBERTO;FARAVELLI, TIZIANO;RANZI, ELISEO MARIA
2010

Abstract

MILD combustion is a recent development in the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels which promises high efficiencies and low NOx emissions. In this paper we analyze the mathematical and numerical modeling of a Jet in Hot Coflow (JHC) burner, which is designed to emulate a moderate and intense low oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion regime [1]. This paper initially discusses the effects of several modeling strategies on the prediction of the JHC flame structure using the CFD code FLUENT 6.3.26. Effects of various turbulence models and their boundary conditions have been studied. Moreover, the detailed kinetic mechanism adopted in the CFD simulations is successfully validated in the conditions of interest using recent literature data [2] on the effect of nitrogen dilution on the flame speeds of several CH4/H2/air lean mixtures. One of the aims of this paper is also to describe a methodology for computing pollutant formation in steady turbulent flows to verify its applicability to the MILD combustion regime. CFD results are post-processed for calculating the NOx using a numerical tool called Kinetic Post Processor (KPP). The modeling results agree with the experimental results [1] and support the proposed approach as a useful tool for optimizing the design of new burners also in the MILD combustion regime.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/570500
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