Among the several types of passive safety systems adopted in new generation reactor designs, the experimental investigation of a closed loop, two-phase flow, natural circulation system is depicted. Emergency Heat Removal Systems (EHRSs) based on this solution are envisaged as safety-engineered features for advanced nuclear reactors, as in the IRIS reactor. An experimental facility simulating one EHRS-like loop has been built and operated at SIET labs in Piacenza (Italy). The facility is a natural circulation, sliding pressure, and electrically heated loop, with a helical coil steam generator as a heat source and a horizontal tube pool condenser as a heat sink. A steady-state analysis is provided to characterize the system behaviour and its key parameters. Because of the loop limited volume, oscillations of the main parameters (temperatures, flowrate, pressure) may be expected. The oscillating phenomena detected during the experimental campaign are discussed; a reasonable explanation is at last proposed.

Experimental Characterization of a Passive Emergency HeatRemoval System for a GenIII+ Reactor

SANTINI, LORENZO;PAPINI, DAVIDE;RICOTTI, MARCO ENRICO
2010

Abstract

Among the several types of passive safety systems adopted in new generation reactor designs, the experimental investigation of a closed loop, two-phase flow, natural circulation system is depicted. Emergency Heat Removal Systems (EHRSs) based on this solution are envisaged as safety-engineered features for advanced nuclear reactors, as in the IRIS reactor. An experimental facility simulating one EHRS-like loop has been built and operated at SIET labs in Piacenza (Italy). The facility is a natural circulation, sliding pressure, and electrically heated loop, with a helical coil steam generator as a heat source and a horizontal tube pool condenser as a heat sink. A steady-state analysis is provided to characterize the system behaviour and its key parameters. Because of the loop limited volume, oscillations of the main parameters (temperatures, flowrate, pressure) may be expected. The oscillating phenomena detected during the experimental campaign are discussed; a reasonable explanation is at last proposed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/570495
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