The paper presents an Image-based Method for Crack Analysis (IMCA) which is capable of processing a sequence of digital imagery to perform a twofold task: (i) the extraction of crack borders and the evaluation of its width across the longitudinal profile; (ii) the measurement of crack deformations (width, sliding and rotation). Here both problems are solved in 2-D, but the extension to 3-D is also addressed. The equipment needed to apply the method is made up of a digital camera (or a still video-camera in case a high frequency in data acquisition is necessary), an orientation frame which establishes the object reference system, a pair of signalized supports to be placed in a permanent way on both sides of the crack to compute deformations; however, permanent targets are mandatory only for case (ii). The measurement process is carried out in a fully automatic way, a fact that makes this technique highly operational also for unskilled people in engineering surveying or photogrammetry. The accuracy of the proposed method, evaluated in experimental tests adopting different consumer digital cameras, is about ±5-20 mm, like the accuracy of most deformometers, but with the advantage of automation and of augmented achievable information; moreover, the image sequence can be archived and off-line measurements could be performed at any time.

Crack measurement: development, testing and applications of an automatic image-based algorithm

BARAZZETTI, LUIGI;SCAIONI, MARCO
2009

Abstract

The paper presents an Image-based Method for Crack Analysis (IMCA) which is capable of processing a sequence of digital imagery to perform a twofold task: (i) the extraction of crack borders and the evaluation of its width across the longitudinal profile; (ii) the measurement of crack deformations (width, sliding and rotation). Here both problems are solved in 2-D, but the extension to 3-D is also addressed. The equipment needed to apply the method is made up of a digital camera (or a still video-camera in case a high frequency in data acquisition is necessary), an orientation frame which establishes the object reference system, a pair of signalized supports to be placed in a permanent way on both sides of the crack to compute deformations; however, permanent targets are mandatory only for case (ii). The measurement process is carried out in a fully automatic way, a fact that makes this technique highly operational also for unskilled people in engineering surveying or photogrammetry. The accuracy of the proposed method, evaluated in experimental tests adopting different consumer digital cameras, is about ±5-20 mm, like the accuracy of most deformometers, but with the advantage of automation and of augmented achievable information; moreover, the image sequence can be archived and off-line measurements could be performed at any time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/564332
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