Chloride-induced corrosion of carbon steel reinforcement is the most important cause of premature failure on reinforced concrete structures. Among available methods, corrosion inhibitors offer a simple and cost effective prevention technique, primarily to prevent and stop chloride-induced corrosion. Nevertheless, performance of commercial inhibitors is only partially satisfactory. This paper deals with a basic study on the inhibitive action of organic substances toward chloride-induced corrosion on carbon steel rebar in alkaline environment. The effect of aminic and carboxylic groups was investigated through electrochemical potentiodynamic polarisation tests in simulating concrete pore solution in the presence of chlorides, to ascertain inhibitor effectiveness to increase pitting potential. Results are discussed taking into account the most likely mechanism of inhibition, in relation to the functional group of tested organic compounds.

A study of organic substances as inhibitors for chloride-induced corrosion in concrete

ORMELLESE, MARCO;LAZZARI, LUCIANO;GOIDANICH, SARA;FUMAGALLI, GABRIELE;BRENNA, ANDREA
2009-01-01

Abstract

Chloride-induced corrosion of carbon steel reinforcement is the most important cause of premature failure on reinforced concrete structures. Among available methods, corrosion inhibitors offer a simple and cost effective prevention technique, primarily to prevent and stop chloride-induced corrosion. Nevertheless, performance of commercial inhibitors is only partially satisfactory. This paper deals with a basic study on the inhibitive action of organic substances toward chloride-induced corrosion on carbon steel rebar in alkaline environment. The effect of aminic and carboxylic groups was investigated through electrochemical potentiodynamic polarisation tests in simulating concrete pore solution in the presence of chlorides, to ascertain inhibitor effectiveness to increase pitting potential. Results are discussed taking into account the most likely mechanism of inhibition, in relation to the functional group of tested organic compounds.
2009
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/557280
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