The problem which is faced in this paper is the analysis of the effects of a transverse propagating crack on the vibrational behaviour of a vertical axis cooling pump. The crack is assumed to develop in a section between the impeller and a seal, which prevents the hot water to flow upwards along the rotor shaft. The pressurized seal is fed with an injection of cold water. Crack initiation may be due to a thermal striping phenomenon. Afterwards, crack growth could be driven by a combination of thermal and mechanical loads, causing alternate cyclic stress in the shaft. Cracking instances of this type have been reported worldwide in several machines of similar design. In this paper, the fact is emphasized that the crack behavior is likely to be influenced by the thermal field and by the water pressure in the cracked area. A dynamical lineshaft model, integrated by an original representation of the crack, has been developed to investigate the possible vibratory symptoms related to a crack propagation. The vibrations are generally measured in correspondence of a rigid coupling which connects the motor shaft to the pump shaft, in position which is rather far away from crack. 1x rev., 2x rev and 3x rev. vibration components, which are generally displayed by the machine condition monitoring system and are the most significative symptoms of the presence of a transverse crack in a rotating shaft, are calculated.

Crack Detectability in Vertical Axis Cooling Pumps During Operation

BACHSCHMID, NICOLO';PENNACCHI, PAOLO EMILIO LINO MARIA;TANZI, EZIO;
2004

Abstract

The problem which is faced in this paper is the analysis of the effects of a transverse propagating crack on the vibrational behaviour of a vertical axis cooling pump. The crack is assumed to develop in a section between the impeller and a seal, which prevents the hot water to flow upwards along the rotor shaft. The pressurized seal is fed with an injection of cold water. Crack initiation may be due to a thermal striping phenomenon. Afterwards, crack growth could be driven by a combination of thermal and mechanical loads, causing alternate cyclic stress in the shaft. Cracking instances of this type have been reported worldwide in several machines of similar design. In this paper, the fact is emphasized that the crack behavior is likely to be influenced by the thermal field and by the water pressure in the cracked area. A dynamical lineshaft model, integrated by an original representation of the crack, has been developed to investigate the possible vibratory symptoms related to a crack propagation. The vibrations are generally measured in correspondence of a rigid coupling which connects the motor shaft to the pump shaft, in position which is rather far away from crack. 1x rev., 2x rev and 3x rev. vibration components, which are generally displayed by the machine condition monitoring system and are the most significative symptoms of the presence of a transverse crack in a rotating shaft, are calculated.
crack, rotordynamics, reactor coolant pump, detection, monitoring, thermal gradients
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/555525
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