Shock tube flows resulting from the incomplete burst of the diaphragm are investigated in connection with the dynamic calibration of fast-response pressure probes. As a result of the partial opening of the diaphragm, pressure disturbances are observed past the shockwave and themeasured total pressure profile deviates from the envisaged step signal required by the calibration process. Pressure oscillations are generated as the initially normal shock wave diffracts from the diaphragm’s orifice and reflects on the shock tube walls, with the lowest local frequency roughly equal to the ratio of the sound speed in the perturbed region to the shock tube diameter. The energy integral of the perturbations decreases with increasing distance from the diaphragm, as the diffracted leading shock and downwind reflections coalesce into a single normal shock. A procedure is proposed to calibrate fast-response pressure probes downwind of a partially opened shock tube diaphragm.

Dynamic calibration of fast-response probes in low-pressure shock tubes

PERSICO, GIACOMO BRUNO AZZURRO;GAETANI, PAOLO;GUARDONE, ALBERTO MATTEO ATTILIO
2005

Abstract

Shock tube flows resulting from the incomplete burst of the diaphragm are investigated in connection with the dynamic calibration of fast-response pressure probes. As a result of the partial opening of the diaphragm, pressure disturbances are observed past the shockwave and themeasured total pressure profile deviates from the envisaged step signal required by the calibration process. Pressure oscillations are generated as the initially normal shock wave diffracts from the diaphragm’s orifice and reflects on the shock tube walls, with the lowest local frequency roughly equal to the ratio of the sound speed in the perturbed region to the shock tube diameter. The energy integral of the perturbations decreases with increasing distance from the diaphragm, as the diffracted leading shock and downwind reflections coalesce into a single normal shock. A procedure is proposed to calibrate fast-response pressure probes downwind of a partially opened shock tube diaphragm.
unsteady pressure measurements; dynamic calibration; shocktube
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/554727
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