An iterative global approximation technique based on the Kriging method is proposed. The technique is validated through analytical test cases and then applied to solve two practical optimization problems: the optimization of aluminium-foam filled absorbers against crashworthiness requirements and the optimization of composite stiffened panels against buckling and strength constraints. The absorbers of the first application consist of two co-axial aluminium alloy tubes filled with lightweight aluminium foam. They were optimized to collapse at a controlled force level and to be the lightest possible. Explicit Finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the structural behavior of the absorbers in the sample points used to build the approximation. In the second application stiffened panels were optimized against buckling and strength constraints. The Tsai-Wu criterion was used to estimate first-ply failures as strength limit of the structure. Non-linear Riks analyses were performed with ABAQUS/Standard to evaluate the shell behavior in the sample points used to build the response surfaces. Basing on the obtained results the proposed iterative procedure seems a promising alternative to the classic a-priori building of response surface allowing better accuracy and saving of sample points.

Application of an Iterative Global Approximation Technique to Structural Optimizations

LANZI, LUCA;AIROLDI, ALESSANDRO;
2009-01-01

Abstract

An iterative global approximation technique based on the Kriging method is proposed. The technique is validated through analytical test cases and then applied to solve two practical optimization problems: the optimization of aluminium-foam filled absorbers against crashworthiness requirements and the optimization of composite stiffened panels against buckling and strength constraints. The absorbers of the first application consist of two co-axial aluminium alloy tubes filled with lightweight aluminium foam. They were optimized to collapse at a controlled force level and to be the lightest possible. Explicit Finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the structural behavior of the absorbers in the sample points used to build the approximation. In the second application stiffened panels were optimized against buckling and strength constraints. The Tsai-Wu criterion was used to estimate first-ply failures as strength limit of the structure. Non-linear Riks analyses were performed with ABAQUS/Standard to evaluate the shell behavior in the sample points used to build the response surfaces. Basing on the obtained results the proposed iterative procedure seems a promising alternative to the classic a-priori building of response surface allowing better accuracy and saving of sample points.
Global approximation; Kriging method; Optimization; Aluminium foam; Composite panels; Crashworthiness; Buckling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/554144
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