A research work is described on the development of defects in laser repair welding of a surface-treated tool steel. Repair welding tests were carried out on plasma-nitrided and on chrome-plated type 1.2738 steel plates. Welding defects in the chrome-plated samples were mainly due to chrome and oxygen overalloying of the weld metal, leading to extensive hot cracking. Cracks of the surface chrome deposit in the HAZ due to welding stresses were also detected. In the nitrided samples, welding resulted in the copious formation of gas pores due to nitrogen release during weld metal solidification. A procedure for combined laser pre-treating and laser welding of the nitrided samples was thus presented. The procedure is aimed at minimising the negative effect of the laser beam on the structural integrity of the base and welded material. The results of the microstructural analyses revealed that a significant reduction in defects could be achieved by the proposed method in the nitrided samples.

Problems in laser repair-welding a surface-treated tool steel

VEDANI, MAURIZIO;PREVITALI, BARBARA;VIMERCATI, GIANMARCO;
2007

Abstract

A research work is described on the development of defects in laser repair welding of a surface-treated tool steel. Repair welding tests were carried out on plasma-nitrided and on chrome-plated type 1.2738 steel plates. Welding defects in the chrome-plated samples were mainly due to chrome and oxygen overalloying of the weld metal, leading to extensive hot cracking. Cracks of the surface chrome deposit in the HAZ due to welding stresses were also detected. In the nitrided samples, welding resulted in the copious formation of gas pores due to nitrogen release during weld metal solidification. A procedure for combined laser pre-treating and laser welding of the nitrided samples was thus presented. The procedure is aimed at minimising the negative effect of the laser beam on the structural integrity of the base and welded material. The results of the microstructural analyses revealed that a significant reduction in defects could be achieved by the proposed method in the nitrided samples.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/552392
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